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City Travel Guides
Cherkasy Land
Wednesday, 20 March 2013

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Orthodox Cathedral - highest in Ukraine

Cherkasy is the city in the “heart” of Ukraine that has more than 700 years of its history. All the nature elements are combined here: endless beaches, pine trees greenery, fresh breeze and a great amount of other natural presents will give you the possibility to feel the relax and life energy. The city is located on the bank of Cherkasy Sea, the biggest artificial water basin in Ukraine, and is surrounded by the hugest in the country pine forest. The road to the city contains 17 km dam, the record long engineer construction of Ukraine. You can see a wonderful view on Cherkasy Sea from the dam.

 

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  • The Wikipedia article about Cherkasy

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    Cherkasy (Ukrainian: Черка́си, pronounced [tʃɛrˈkɑsɪ]; Polish: Czerkasy), or Cherkassy (Russian: Черка́ссы [tɕɪrˈkasɨ]), is a city in central Ukraine. It is the capital of Cherkasy Oblast (province), as well as the administrative center of surrounding Cherkasky Raion (district) within the oblast. The city itself is designated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. It is not to be confused with the Russian city of Cherkassk which is on the Don River to the east. Population: 281,549 (2017 est.)

    The city is the cultural, educational and industrial center of Cherkasy Oblast and Central Economical Region of Ukraine. Cherkasy has been known since the 13th century and played a great role in the history of Ukraine. Cherkasy was the center of Cossacks, citizens took part in Khmelnychchyna and Koliyivschyna (cossacks' and peasants' rebellions).

    The city is located on the right bank of Dnieper River (specifically at the Kremenchuk Reservoir), about 200 km (124 mi) south of the nation's capital, Kiev. The city is divided into 2 boroughs (raions): Sosnivskiy (with Orshanets village) and Pridniprovskiy. In June 2011, the city celebrated its 725th anniversary.

    Environment

    Location

    Cherkasy is situated on the high right bank of the Dnipro River, in the middle of the Kremenchuk Reservoir. Relief of the historical part of the city was influenced by Zamkova (Castle) mountain, where Cherkasy Castle was situated. The major part of Cherkasy occurs as lowlands.

    The city occupies an area of 69 km (26.6 sq mi). The city's length is 17 km (10.56 mi) along the Kremenchuk Reservoir, while its widest point is only 8 km (4.97 mi).

    From the north-west, Cherkasy is surrounded by forest. Known as Cherkaskiy Bir, it is the biggest (28,500 hectares or 70,400 acres) natural pine forest in Ukraine.

    Climate

    The climate of Cherkasy is mild continental, with mild winters and warm (in the last few years mostly hot) summers.

    The average temperature in the city is +7.7 °C (45.9 °F). Winters are usually cold and snowy (the average January temperature is −5.9 °C (21.4 °F)), but the last few winters have been rather warm with rare severe frosts (up to −25 °C (−13 °F)). Summers are dry and warm (the average temperature in July is +19.8 °C (67.6 °F)), with occasional highs reaching +35 °C (95 °F).

    Ecology

    The ecological situation in the city is quite stable. The cumulative pollution index as of 2008 is 7.56, average with other Ukrainian cities. The main pollutant in the city is "Azot" plant, so the nearby area (south-east part of the city) is the most polluted. The downtown area is heavily polluted as well, due to high traffic volume. The city itself is mostly clean of nuclear pollution from the Chernobyl disaster, although the northernmost part of Cherkasy may have been influenced a little.

    Demographics

    According to the newest data, the number of inhabitants of Cherkasy is 284,479 as of 1 October 2015. This number is decreasing because of rising mortality rate, socio-economic situation, and the suburbanisation process in the region.

    This diagram shows the changes of population in Cherkasy:

    © This material from Wikipedia is licensed under the GFDL.