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Travelling to Aichi Prefecture. The Free Encyclopedia about Aichi Prefecture

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Aichi Prefecture

Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 愛知県
 • Rōmaji Aichi-ken
Flag of Aichi Prefecture
Official logo of Aichi Prefecture
Location of Aichi Prefecture
Coordinates: 35°10′48.68″N 136°54′48.63″E / 35.1801889°N 136.9135083°E / 35.1801889; 136.9135083
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Island Honshu
Capital Nagoya
Subdivisions Districts: 7, Municipalities: 54
 • Governor Hideaki Ōmura (since February 2011)
 • Total 5,172.48 km (1,997.11 sq mi)
Area rank 23rd
 (May 1, 2016)
 • Total 7,498,485
 • Rank 4th
 • Density 1,454.94/km (3,768.3/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-23
Website www.pref.aichi.jp/global/en/index.html
Bird Scops-owl (Otus scops japonicus)
Fish Kuruma prawn (Penaeus japonicus)
Flower Kakitsubata (Iris laevigata)
Tree Hananoki (Acer pycnanthum)

Aichi Prefecture (愛知県, Aichi-ken, Japanese pronunciation: [aitɕi̥ꜜkeɴ]) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region. The region of Aichi is also known as the Tōkai region. The capital is Nagoya. It is the focus of the Chūkyō metropolitan area.


Originally, the region was divided into the two provinces of Owari and Mikawa. After the Meiji Restoration, Owari and Mikawa were united into a single entity. In 1871, after the abolition of the han system, Owari, with the exception of the Chita Peninsula, was established as Nagoya Prefecture, while Mikawa combined with the Chita Peninsula and formed Nukata Prefecture. Nagoya Prefecture was renamed to Aichi Prefecture in April 1872, and was united with Nukata Prefecture on November 27 of the same year.

The government of Aichi Prefecture is located in the Aichi Prefectural Government Office in Nagoya, which is the old capital of Owari. The Aichi Prefectural Police and its predecessor organisations have been responsible for law enforcement in the prefecture since 1871.

The Expo 2005 World Exposition was held in Seto and Nagakute.


In the third volume of the Man'yōshū there is a poem by Takechi Kurohito that reads: "The cry of the crane, calling to Sakurada; it sounds like the tide, draining from Ayuchi flats, hearing the crane cry". Ayuchi is the original form of the name Aichi, and the Fujimae tidal flat is all that remains of the earlier Ayuchi-gata. It is now a protected area.

For a time, an Aichi Station existed on the Kansai Line (at the time the Kansai Railway) between Nagoya and Hatta stations, but its role was overtaken by Sasashima-Live Station on the Aonami Line and Komeno Station on the Kintetsu Nagoya Line.


Map of Aichi Prefecture     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town      Village

Aichi Prefectural Government Office

Satellite photo of Mikawa Bay

Located near the center of the Japanese main island of Honshu, Aichi Prefecture faces the Ise and Mikawa Bays to the south and borders Shizuoka Prefecture to the east, Nagano Prefecture to the northeast, Gifu Prefecture to the north, and Mie Prefecture to the west. It measures 106 km east to west and 94 km south to north and forms a major portion of the Nōbi Plain. With an area of 5,172.48 km it accounts for approximately 1.36% of the total surface area of Japan. The highest spot is Chausuyama at 1,415 m above sea level.

The western part of the prefecture is dominated by Nagoya, Japan's third largest city, and its suburbs, while the eastern part is less densely populated but still contains several major industrial centers. Due to its robust economy, for the period from October 2005 to October 2006, Aichi was the fastest growing prefecture in terms of population, beating Tokyo, at 7.4 per cent.

As of April 1, 2012, 17% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Aichi Kōgen, Hida-Kisogawa, Mikawa Wan, and Tenryū-Okumikawa Quasi-National Parks along with seven Prefectural Natural Parks.


Thirty-eight cities are located in Aichi Prefecture.

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

  • Aichi District
    • Tōgō
  • Ama District
    • Kanie
    • Ōharu
    • Tobishima
  • Chita District
    • Agui
    • Higashiura
    • Mihama
    • Minamichita
    • Taketoyo
  • Kitashitara District
    • Shitara
    • Tōei
    • Toyone
  • Nishikasugai District
    • Toyoyama
  • Niwa District
    • Fusō
    • Ōguchi
  • Nukata District
    • Kōta



Chūkyō Metropolitan Area

Companies headquartered in Aichi include the following.

Aisin Seiki Kariya
Brother Industries, Ltd. Nagoya
Central Japan Railway Company Nagoya
Denso Corporation Kariya
Makita Corporation Anjō
Matsuzakaya Nagoya
Nagoya Railroad Nagoya
Nippon Sharyo Nagoya
Noritake Nagoya
Sumitomo Riko Komaki
Toyota Motor Corporation Toyota

Companies such as Fuji Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi Motors, Pfizer, Sony, Suzuki, Bodycote, and Volkswagen Group also operate plants or branch offices in Aichi.

International relations

Expo 2005

Sister Autonomous Administrative division


Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1890 1,473,099 —    
1903 1,752,042 +1.34%
1913 2,073,224 +1.70%
1920 2,089,762 +0.11%
1925 2,319,494 +2.11%
1930 2,567,413 +2.05%
1935 2,862,701 +2.20%
1940 3,166,592 +2.04%
1945 2,857,851 −2.03%
1950 3,390,585 +3.48%
1955 3,769,209 +2.14%
1960 4,206,313 +2.22%
1965 4,798,653 +2.67%
1970 5,386,163 +2.34%
1975 5,923,569 +1.92%
1980 6,221,638 +0.99%
1985 6,455,172 +0.74%
1990 6,690,603 +0.72%
1995 6,868,336 +0.53%
2000 7,043,300 +0.50%
2005 7,254,704 +0.59%
2010 7,410,719 +0.43%
2015 7,484,094 +0.20%

As of 2001, Aichi Prefecture's population was 50.03% male and 49.97% female. 139,540 residents (nearly 2% of the population) are of foreign nationality.

Population by age (2001)

Age % population % male % female
0–9 10.21 10.45 9.96
10–19 10.75 11.02 10.48
20–29 15.23 15.71 14.75
30–39 14.81 15.31 14.30
40–49 12.21 12.41 12.01
50–59 15.22 15.31 15.12
60–69 11.31 11.22 11.41
70–79 6.76 6.01 7.52
Over 80 3.12 2.01 4.23
Unknown 0.38 0.54 0.23



Nagoya Station and Nagoya Station building

Toyohashi Station and Toyohashi Railroad

Komaki Junction

Nagoya Expressway

Chubu Centrair International Airport, constructed on an artificial island

Nagoya Airfield

Port of Nagoya

Port of Mikawa

JR logo (central).svgJR Central
Shinkansen jrc.svgTokaido Shinkansen
Tokaido Line
Chūō Main Line
Kansai Line
Taketoyo Line
Iida Line
Meitetsu logomark 2.svgMeitetsu
 NH Nagoya Line
 IY Inuyama Line
 KM Komaki Line
 TA Centrair Line
 TA Tokoname Line
 ST Seto Line
 TK Toyokawa Line
 GN Gamagori Line
 TT Toyota Line
 KC Chita Line
 MU  MY Mikawa Line
 TB Bisai Line
 CH Chikko Line
 TB Tsushima Line
 E Nagoya Line
Aonami line logo.svgAonami Line
Nagoya Subway Logo (black).svgNagoya Municipal Subway
Nagoya Subway Logo (Higashiyama Line).svgHigashiyama Line
Nagoya Subway Logo (Meijo & Meiko Line).svgMeijo Line
Nagoya Subway Logo (Tsurumai Line).svgTsurumai Line (connecting to Meitetsu Toyota and Inuyama Line)
Nagoya Subway Logo (Sakura-dori Line).svgSakura-dori Line
Nagoya Subway Logo (Meijo & Meiko Line).svgMeiko Line
Nagoya Subway Logo (Kamiiida Line).svgKamiiida Line (connecting to Meitetsu Komaki Line)
Toyotetsu logomark.svgToyohashi Railroad
Aikan logomark.svgAichi Loop Line

People movers and tramways

  • Nagoya Guideway Bus
  • Linimo
  • Toyohashi Railroad


Expressways and toll roads

  • Chuo Expressway
  • Higashi-Meihan Expressway(East Meihan Expressway)
  • Isewangan Expressway(Ise Bayside Expressway)
  • Meishin Expressway
  • Mei-Nikan Expressway
  • Nagoya Expressway
  • Shin-Meishin Expressway
  • Shin-Tōmei Expressway
  • Tokai-Hokuriku Expressway
  • Tomei Expressway
  • Chita Peninsula Road
  • South Chita Road
  • Chubu International Airport Connecting Road
  • Chita across Road
  • Nagoya Seto Road

National highways

  • Route 1
  • Route 19 (Nagoya-Kasugai-Tajimi-Nagiso-Matsumoto-Nagano)
  • Route 22 (Nagoya-Ichinomiya-Gifu)
  • Route 23 (Ise-Matsuzaka-Suzuka-Yokkaichi-Nagoya-Toyoake-Chiryu-Gamagori-Toyohashi)
  • Route 41 (Nagoya-Komaki-Inuyama-Gero-Takayama-Toyama)
  • Route 42
  • Route 151
  • Route 153
  • Route 154
  • Route 155 (Tokoname-Chita-Kariya-Toyota-Seto-Kasugai-Komaki-Ichinomiya-Tsushima-Yatomi)
  • Route 247
  • Route 248
  • Route 257 (Hamamatsu-Shinshiro-Toyota-Ena-Nakatsugawa-Gero-Takayama)
  • Route 259
  • Route 301
  • Route 302
  • Route 362
  • Route 363
  • Route 366
  • Route 419
  • Route 420
  • Route 473 (Gamagori-Okazaki-Toyota-Shitara-Hamamatsu)
  • Route 474
  • Route 475

Avion silhouette.svgAirports

  • Chubu Centrair International Airport
  • Nagoya Airfield


  • Nagoya Port – International Container hub and ferry route to Sendai and Tomakomai, Hokkaido
  • Mikawa Port – mainly automobile and car parts export and part of inport base
  • Kinuura Port – Handa and Hekinan



National universities

  • Aichi University of Education
  • Graduate University for Advanced Studies - Okazaki Campus(National Institute for Basic Biology, Japan, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Japan)
  • Nagoya Institute of Technology
  • Nagoya University
  • Toyohashi University of Technology

Public universities

  • Aichi Prefectural University
  • Aichi Prefectural University of the Arts
  • Nagoya City University

Private universities

  • Aichi Bunkyo University
  • Aichi Gakuin University
  • Aichi Gakusen University
  • Aichi Institute of Technology
  • Aichi Medical University
  • Aichi Mizuho College
  • Aichi Sangyo University
  • Aichi Shukutoku University
  • Aichi Toho University
  • Aichi University
  • Aichi University of Technology
  • Chubu University
  • Chukyo University
  • Daido University
  • Doho University
  • Fujita Health University
  • Globis University Graduate School of Management – Nagoya Campus
  • Japanese Red Cross Toyota College of Nursing
  • Kinjo Gakuin University
  • Meijo University
  • Nagoya Bunri University
  • Nagoya College of Music
  • Nagoya Gakuin University
  • Nagoya Keizai University
  • Nagoya Sangyo University
  • Nagoya University of Arts
  • Nagoya University of Arts and Sciences
  • Nagoya University of Commerce & Business
  • Nagoya University of Foreign Studies
  • Nagoya Women's University
  • Nagoya Zokei University
  • Nanzan University
  • Nihon Fukushi University
  • Ohkagakuen University
  • Okazaki Women's Junior College
  • Seijoh University
  • Seisa University – Nagoya Schooling Campus
  • Shigakkan University
  • Shubun University
  • Sugiyama Jogakuen University
  • Tokai Gakuen University
  • Tokyo University of Social Welfare – Nagoya Campus
  • Toyohashi Sozo College
  • Toyota Technological Institute
  • University of Human Environments

Senior high schools


Nagoya Dome(NagoyaHigashi-ku)

Toyota Stadium(Toyota)

Wing Arena Kariya(Kariya)

Teva Ocean Arena(NagoyaMinato-ku)

Mizuho Rugby Stadium(NagoyaMizuho-ku)

The sports teams listed below are based in Aichi.


Central League
  • Chunichi Dragons (Nagoya)


  • Nagoya Grampus (Nagoya and Toyota)
Tokai Regional League
  • NGU Loveledge Nagoya(Nagoya)


  • SAN-EN NeoPhoenix(Toyohashi and Hamamatsu
  • SeaHorses Mikawa(Kariya
  • Nagoya Diamond Dolphins(Nagoya)
  • Toyotsu Fighting Eagles Nagoya(Nagoya)
  • Aisin AW Areions Anjo(Anjō)


  • Toyoda Gosei Trefuerza (Inazawa)
  • JTEKT Stings(Kariya
  • Denso Airybees (Nishio)
  • Toyota Auto Body Queenseis (Kariya)


Top League
  • Toyota Verblitz (Toyota)
  • Toyota Industries Shuttles(Kariya


  • Nagoya Oceans(Nagoya)


  • Nagoya Cyclones(Nagoya)
  • Kirix Toyota Bull Fighters (Toyota)
  • Aichi Golden Wings (Nagoya and Toyota)
  • Nagoya Redbacks Australian Football Club(AFL Japan)(Nagoya)


Nagoya Castle

Ōsu Kannon, Naka, Nagoya

Toyota Commemorative Museum of Industry and Technology

SCMaglev and Railway Park


Akabane Beach, Tahara

Twin Arch 138 Tower in Kiso River Park, Ichinomiya

Notable sites in Aichi include the Meiji Mura open-air architectural museum in Inuyama, which preserves historic buildings from Japan's Meiji and Taishō periods, including the reconstructed lobby of Frank Lloyd Wright's old Imperial Hotel (which originally stood in Tokyo from 1923 to 1967).

Other popular sites in Aichi include the tour of the Toyota car factory in the city by the same name, the monkey park in Inuyama, and the castles in Nagoya, Okazaki, Toyohashi, and Inuyama.

Aichi Prefecture has many wonderful beaches. For example, Himakajima Beach, Shinojima Beach, Akabane Beach, Utsumi Beach.

Festival and events

UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage
  • Owari Tsushima Tenno Matsuri(Aisai, Tsushima)
  • Inuyama Festival(Inuyama
  • Kamezaki Shiohi Festival(Handa)
  • Chiryu Festival(Chiryū)
  • Sunari Festival(Ama DistrictKanie)
  • Nagoya Festival(Nagoya City)
  • Tsutsui-chō/Dekimachi Tennō Festival(Nagoya Higashi-ku)
  • Miya Festival(Gamagōri)
  • Toyohama Sea bream Festival(Chita District Minamichita Town)
  • Okkawa Festival(Handa)
  • Hōnen Matsuri(Komaki
  • Omanto festival(Takahama)
  • Kōnomiya Hadaka Matsuri(Inazawa)
  • Tezutsu Matsuri(Toyohashi, Toyokawa
  • Nagashino festival(Shinshiro)
  • Mando festival(Kariya
  • Isshiki Lantern Festival(Nishio)
  • Toba Fire Festival(Nishio)
  • Owari Tsushima Autumn Festival(Tsushima)

See also


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Aichi-ken" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 11 , p. 11, at Google Books; "Chūbu" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 126 , p. 126, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Nagoya" p. 685, p. 685, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 780 , p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ "Summary of Aichi Prefecture". Aichi Prefecture. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
  5. ^ Kato, Sadamichi (2000). "Rediscovering an Ancient Poem to Save a Tidal Flat". International Studies in Literature and Environment. Oxford University Press. 7 (2): 189–197. doi:10.1093/isle/7.2.189.
  6. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  7. ^ "Domestic production and sales bases Archived 2015-05-10 at the Wayback Machine". Sumitomo Riko. Retrieved on January 28, 2015.
  8. ^ Statistics Bureau of Japan
  9. ^ "Yama, Hoko, Yatai, float festivals in Japan". UNESCO. Retrieved 13 January 2017.


  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External links

  • Aichi travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Official website
  • Aichi Now-Official Site for Tourism Aichi
  • Aichi, HOME of the Samurai Spirit
© This material from Wikipedia is licensed under the GFDL.

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