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Travelling to Hiroshima Prefecture. The Free Encyclopedia about Hiroshima Prefecture

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Hiroshima Prefecture

広島県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 広島県
 • Rōmaji Hiroshima-ken
Flag of Hiroshima Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Hiroshima Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Hiroshima Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Chūgoku (San'yō)
Island Honshu
Capital Hiroshima
Subdivisions Districts: 5, Municipalities: 23
Government
 • Governor Hidehiko Yuzaki (since November 2009)
Area
 • Total 8,479.63 km (3,274.00 sq mi)
Area rank 11th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total 2,811,410
 • Rank 12th
 • Density 330/km (860/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-34
Website pref.hiroshima.lg.jp
Symbols
Bird Red-throated diver (Gavia stellata)
Tree Japanese maple (Acer palmatum)

Hiroshima Prefecture (広島県, Hiroshima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on Honshu island. The capital is the city of Hiroshima. It has a population of around 2.8 million.

History

The area around Hiroshima was formerly divided into Bingo Province and Aki Province. This location has been a center of trade and culture since the beginning of Japan's recorded history. Hiroshima is a traditional center of the Chūgoku region and was the seat of the Mōri clan until the Battle of Sekigahara.

Together with Nara and Tokyo, Hiroshima is one of the three prefectures with more than one UNESCO World Heritage site. The two such sites in Hiroshima Prefecture are:

  • The Atomic Dome in Hiroshima, one of the few remnants of prewar Hiroshima following the atomic bombing in 1945;
  • The Itsukushima Shrine in Miyajima, famed for filling with water and appearing to "float" during high tide.

Geography

Map of Hiroshima Prefecture     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town

Fukuyama

Onomichi

Higashihiroshima

Mihara

Hiroshima prefecture lies in the middle of Japan . Most of the prefecture consists of mountains leading towards Shimane Prefecture; and rivers produce rich plains near the coast.

The province faces Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea. Hiroshima Bay opens on the Inland Sea. The prefecture also includes many small islands.

The sheltered nature of the Inland Sea makes Hiroshima's climate very mild.

As of 1 April 2014, 4% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks (the lowest percentage of any prefecture), namely Setonaikai National Park; Hiba-Dōgo-Taishaku and Nishi-Chūgoku Sanchi Quasi-National Parks; and six Prefectural Natural Parks.

Cities

Fourteen cities are located in Hiroshima Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns in each district:

  • Aki District
    • Fuchū
    • Kaita
    • Kumano
    • Saka
  • Jinseki District
    • Jinsekikōgen
  • Sera District
    • Sera
  • Toyota District
    • Ōsakikamijima
  • Yamagata District
    • Akiōta
    • Kitahiroshima

Mergers

Economy

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1890 1,319,507 —    
1903 1,508,713 +1.04%
1913 1,691,699 +1.15%
1920 1,541,905 −1.32%
1925 1,617,680 +0.96%
1930 1,692,136 +0.90%
1935 1,804,916 +1.30%
1940 1,869,504 +0.71%
1945 1,885,471 +0.17%
1950 2,081,967 +2.00%
1955 2,149,044 +0.64%
1960 2,184,043 +0.32%
1965 2,281,146 +0.87%
1970 2,436,135 +1.32%
1975 2,646,324 +1.67%
1980 2,739,161 +0.69%
1985 2,819,200 +0.58%
1990 2,849,847 +0.22%
1995 2,881,748 +0.22%
2000 2,878,915 −0.02%
2005 2,876,642 −0.02%
2010 2,860,750 −0.11%
2015 2,844,963 −0.11%
source:

Hiroshima's main industries include automobiles (Mazda is headquartered there) and tourism in two World Heritage sites: the A-Bomb dome and Itsukushima Shrine.

Components of the economy are primary industry, secondary industry, and tertiary industry, which compose 0.6%, 32.6%, and 66.2% in 2015. There is 0.6% of unclassified production.

Value of production of manufacturing is 10,343 billion yen in 2016, which is the 10th largest in Japan. After 2012, production of manufacturing is continuously increasing in 2015.

Education

University

  • Hiroshima University
  • Hiroshima Shudo University
  • Prefectural University of Hiroshima
  • Hiroshima University of Economics
  • Hiroshima International University
  • Hiroshima Bunka Gakuen University
  • Hiroshima Bunkyo Women's University
  • Hiroshima Cosmopolitan University
  • Hiroshima Institute of Technology
  • Hiroshima Kokusai Gakuin University
  • Hiroshima City University
  • Hiroshima Jogakuin University
  • Hijiyama University
  • Elisabeth University of Music
  • Fukuyama University
  • Fukuyama City University
  • Fukuyama Heisei University
  • Yasuda Women's University
  • Onomichi City University
  • Japan Coast Guard Academy

Transportation

Railway

  • JR West
    • Sanyo Shinkansen
    • Sanyo Main Line
    • Kabe Line
    • Kure Line
    • Geibi Line
    • Fukuen Line
  • Ibara Railway

People movers

  • Astram Line
  • Skyrail Service

Streetcars

  • Hiroshima Electric Railway

Roads

Expressways

  • Chugoku Expressway
  • Sanyo Expressway
  • Shimanami Expressway
  • Hamada Expressway
  • Onomichi Expressway
  • Hiroshima Expressway (West Nippon Expressway Company)
  • Hiroshima Expressway (urban expressway)

National highways

  • Route 2
  • Route 31
  • Route 54
  • Route 182
  • Route 183
  • Route 185
  • Route 186
  • Route 191
  • Route 261
  • Route 313
  • Route 314
  • Route 317
  • Route 375
  • Route 432
  • Route 433
  • Route 434
  • Route 486
  • Route 487
  • Route 488

Ports

  • Kure Port - Ferry route to Edajima, Matsuyama
  • Hiroshima Port - Ferry route to Miyajima, Edajima, Matsuyama and Beppu, and also International Container hub port
  • Mihara Port
  • Onomichi Port
  • Fukuyama Port - International Container hub port

Airports

  • Hiroshima Airport

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Hiroshima.

Football

  • Sanfrecce Hiroshima (Hiroshima city)

Baseball

  • Hiroshima Toyo Carp (Hiroshima city)

Volleyball

  • JT Thunders (Hiroshima city)

Basketball

  • Hiroshima Dragonflies
  • Hiroshima Lightning (Defunct)

Tourism

  • Hiroshima Peace Memorial
  • Hiroshima Castle
  • Shukkei-en
  • Mitaki Temple
  • Itsukushima Shrine
  • Momijidani Park
  • Mt. Misen
  • Miyajima Public Aquarium
  • Senkō-ji Temple
  • Jōdo-ji Temple
  • Onomichi City Museum of Art
  • Fukuyama Castle

Famous festivals and events

  • Onomichi Port Festival - held in April
  • Hiroshima Flower Festival - held from May 3 to 5
  • Fukuyama Rose Festival - held in May
  • Enryuji Tokasan Festival - held in June
  • Gion Festival of Onomichi - held in July
  • Innoshima Water-naval Festival - held in August
  • Miyajima Under-water Firework Festival - held on August 14
  • Yassa Festival of Mihara - held in August
  • Saijo Sake Festival - held in October
  • Onomichi Becher Festival - held on November 3
  • Hiroshima Ebisu Festival - held from November 18 to 20

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hiroshima-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 320 at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at p. 127 at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Hiroshima" at pp. 319–20 at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Province and prefecture" at p. 780 at Google Books.
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Hiroshima Wan" at p. 320 at Google Books.
  5. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
  6. ^ Statistics Bureau of Japan
  7. ^ "平成27年度広島県民経済計算結果について" (PDF). 広島県.
  8. ^ "平成 28 年経済センサス" (PDF). 広島県.

References

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External links

  • Official Hiroshima Prefecture homepage
  • Life in Hiroshima and other Japan-related Articles
  • Hiroshima Weather Forecast
  • National Archives of Japan ... Hiroshima map (1891)
  • National Archives of Japan: Itsukushima kakei, illustrated scroll describing Itsukushima, text by Kaibara Ekiken (circa 1720)
  • hiroshima-navi

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