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Travelling to Kagawa Prefecture. The Free Encyclopedia about Kagawa Prefecture

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Kagawa Prefecture

香川県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 香川県
 • Rōmaji Kagawa-ken
Flag of Kagawa Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Kagawa Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Kagawa Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Shikoku
Island Shikoku
Capital Takamatsu
Subdivisions Districts: 5, Municipalities: 17
Government
 • Governor Keizō Hamada
Area
 • Total 1,876.77 km (724.62 sq mi)
Area rank 47th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total 957,430
 • Rank 40th
 • Density 510/km (1,300/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-37
Website www.pref.kagawa.jp
Symbols
Bird Lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
Flower Olive (Olea europaea)
Tree Olive (Olea europaea)

Kagawa Prefecture (香川県, Kagawa-ken) is the smallest prefecture of Japan (by area). It is located on Shikoku island and the capital is Takamatsu.

History

Kagawa was formerly known as Sanuki Province.

For a brief period between August 1876 and December 1888, Kagawa was made a part of Ehime Prefecture.

Battle of Yashima

Located in Kagawa's capital city, Takamatsu, the mountain of Yashima was the battlefield for one of the best-known struggles between the Heike and the Genji clans.

Geography

Kagawa comprises the northeast corner of Shikoku, bordering Ehime Prefecture on the west and Tokushima Prefecture on the south, with a coastline on the Seto Inland Sea facing Okayama Prefecture and the Kansai. The Sanuki Mountains run along the southern border.

Kagawa is currently the smallest prefecture, by area, in Japan. Kagawa is a relatively narrow prefecture located between the mountains of Shikoku and the sea.

As of April 1, 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Setonaikai National Park and Ōtaki-Ōkawa Prefectural Natural Park.

Cities

Map of Kagawa Prefecture.     City      Town

Takamatsu

Marugame

Kotohira

Eight cities are located in Kagawa Prefecture:

Towns

These are the towns in each district:

  • Ayauta District
    • Ayagawa
    • Utazu
  • Kagawa District
    • Naoshima
  • Kita District
    • Miki
  • Nakatado District
  • Shōzu District

Mergers

Economy

Foods

People queuing for udon in Kagawa

Sanuki udon (a type of udon noodle) is the most famous local food of Kagawa Prefecture. In 2008, there were over 700 udon restaurants in this prefecture alone.

Aside from udon, Kagawa is also famous for "hone-tsuki-dori", seasoned chicken thigh cooked on the bone. Originating from Marugame City, the dish has now become a popular dish in izakaya restaurants across the country.

Olives and olive-related products have also come to be recognized as Kagawa foods. As the first place in Japan to successfully cultivate olives, Kagawa has been producing olive-related products since 1908. As well as winning both domestic and international awards for the quality of its olive oil, Kagawa has also created two offshoot food brands from its olive industry - "olive beef" and "olive yellowtail". Waste organic matter from olive pressing is used as feed for cattle and the Yellowtail Amberjack. Due to the high amount of polyphenol in the olive waste, the flesh of the respective meats does not oxidize or lose colour easily.

Other local specialties include wasanbon sugar sweets, sōmen noodles and shōyu soy sauce.Rare sugar researches are thriving and have discovered mass production culture enzymes.D-tagatose 3-epimerase is an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible epimerization reaction of the 3rd carbon of ketose.

Demographics

Education

Universities

  • Kagawa University in Takamatsu
  • Kagawa Prefectural College of Health Sciences
  • Shikoku Gakuin University in Zentsuji
  • Takamatsu University
  • Tokushima Bunri University in Sanuki

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Kagawa.

Baseball

  • Kagawa Olive Guyners

Basketball

Football (Soccer)

Volleyball

  • Shikoku Eighty 8 Queen

Ice Hockey

  • Kagawa Ice Fellows (see Japan Ice Hockey Federation)

Tourism

Kanamaruza Kabuki Theatre

Benesse House, Naoshima

Manno Lake

Sanuki Manno National Park

  • Kotohira
    • Kanamaruza Kabuki Theatre
    • Konpira Shrine
  • Manno
    • Manno Lake
    • Sanuki Manno National Park
  • Marugame
    • Marugame Castle
    • Marugame Genichiro-Inokuma Museum of Contemporary Art
  • Sakaide
    • Kagawa Prefectural Higashiyama Kaii Setouchi Art Museum (Kaii Higashiyama`s Art Museum)
    • Mountain Iino (Kagawa`s Mount Fuji)
    • Kiyama (a castle ruins)
    • Shinto shrine (misasagi) (Emperor Sutoku's Tomb)
    • Fuchu Dam
    • Great Seto Bridge
  • Naoshima Island
    • Ando Museum
    • Benesse House
    • Chichu Art Museum
    • Lee Ufan Museum
  • Setonaikai National Park
  • Shikoku Pilgrimage – Zentsū-ji, Motoyama-ji, Yashima-ji, etc.

Kankakei

  • Shodoshima
    • Kankakei Gorge
    • Shodoshima Olive Park
  • Takamatsu
    • Megijima and Ogijima
    • Ritsurin Garden
    • Takamatsu Castle
    • Yashima, the island on which the Battle of Yashima was fought

      Ritsurin Garden

  • Teshima Island
    • Shima Kitchen
    • Teshima Art Museum

Based on its ancient name, Sanuki, Kagawa is famous for its Sanuki udon (wheat noodles). Recent years have seen an interest in Sanuki udon across Japan, and many Japanese now take day-trips to taste the many Sanuki udon restaurants in Kagawa.

Transportation

Railroad

  • JR Shikoku
    • Honshi-Bisan Line
    • Yosan Line
    • Dosan Line
    • Kotoku Line
  • Kotoden (Takamatsu Kotohira Electric Railroad)
    • Kotohira Line
    • Shido Line
    • Nagao Line

Bus

Departure from Takamatsu

  • Tokyo Station
  • Shinjuku of Tokyo
  • Tokyo Disneyland
  • Hachioji
  • Yokohama
  • Nagoya
  • Kyoto Station
  • Osaka
    • Umeda
    • Nanba
  • Kansai Int'l Airport
  • Kobe
    • Sannomiya
    • Maiko Bus Stop
  • Tokushima
  • Kōchi
  • Matsuyama
  • Yawatahama
  • Hiroshima
  • Fukuoka
    • Kokura Station
    • Hakata Station
    • Tenjin Station

Road

Expressway

  • Seto Chuo Expressway
  • Takamatsu Expressway
  • Matsuyama Expressway

National Highway

  • Route 11 (Tokushima-Takamatsu-Marugame-Niihama-Maysuyama)
  • Route 30
  • Route 32 (Takamatsu-Kotohira-Kochi)
  • Route 193
  • Route 318
  • Route 319
  • Route 377
  • Route 436
  • Route 438

Port

  • Port of Takamatsu – Ferry route to Uno, Tonoshō (Shōdoshima Island), Kobe, Naoshima
  • Port of Marugame
  • Port of Tadotsu
  • Port of Tonoshō – Ferry route to Okayama, Himeji, Kobe and Osaka.

Airport

  • Takamatsu Airport

In popular culture

The novel Battle Royale by Koushun Takami was set in the fictional town of Shiroiwa ('Castle Rock') in the Kagawa Prefecture. Okishima, the fictional island on which much of the novel takes place is placed in the Seto Inland Sea. The manga also places Shiroiwa in Kagawa Prefecture, while the film moves Shiroiwa to Kanagawa Prefecture.

Takamatsu, Kagawa Prefecture is also the main setting of the book "Kafka on the Shore" by Haruki Murakami.

Kagawa Prefecture is also the setting of the anime Poco's Udon World, My Bride is a Mermaid, and Yuki Yuna is a Hero.

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