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Travelling to Okayama Prefecture. The Free Encyclopedia about Okayama Prefecture

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Okayama Prefecture

岡山県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 岡山県
 • Rōmaji Okayama-ken
Flag of Okayama Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Okayama Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Okayama Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Chūgoku (Sanyō)
Island Honshu
Capital Okayama
Subdivisions Districts: 10, Municipalities: 27
Government
 • Governor Ryūta Ibaragi
Area
 • Total 7,114.50 km (2,746.92 sq mi)
Area rank 15th
Population
 (February 1, 2018)
 • Total 1,906,464
 • Rank 21st
 • Density 270/km (690/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-33
Website www.pref.okayama.jp
Symbols
Bird Lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
Flower Peach blossom (Prunus persica var. vulgaris)
Tree Red pine (Pinus densiflora)

Okayama Prefecture (岡山県, Okayama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on the main island of Honshu. The capital is the city of Okayama.

History

Prior to the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the area of present-day Okayama Prefecture was divided between Bitchū, Bizen and Mimasaka Provinces. Okayama Prefecture was formed and named in 1871 as part of the large-scale administrative reforms of the early Meiji period (1868–1912), and the borders of the prefecture were set in 1876.

Geography

Map of Okayama Prefecture     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town

Okayama Prefecture borders Hyōgo Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture, and Hiroshima Prefecture. It faces Kagawa Prefecture in Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea and includes 90 islands in the sea.

Okayama Prefecture is home to the historic town of Kurashiki. Most of the population is concentrated around Kurashiki and Okayama. The small villages in the northern mountain region are aging and declining in population - more than half of the prefectures municipalities are officially designated as depopulated.

As of 1 April 2014, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Daisen-Oki and Setonaikai National Parks; the Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks.

Cities

Okayama City

Tsuyama

Takahashi

Niimi

Fifteen cities are located in Okayama Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

  • Aida District
    • Nishiawakura
  • Asakuchi District
    • Satoshō
  • Kaga District
    • Kibichūō
  • Katsuta District
    • Nagi
    • Shōō
  • Kume District
    • Kumenan
    • Misaki
  • Maniwa District
    • Shinjō
  • Oda District
    • Yakage
  • Tomata District
    • Kagamino
  • Tsukubo District
    • Hayashima
  • Wake District
    • Wake

Mergers

Education

Universities

  • Okayama
    • Okayama University
    • Okayama University of Science
    • Okayama Shoka University
    • Sanyo Gakuen University
    • Shujitsu University
  • Kurashiki
    • Okayama Gakuin University
    • Kurashiki Sakuyo University
    • Kawasaki University of Medical Welfare
  • Soja
    • Okayama Prefectural University
  • Tsuyama
    • Mimasaka University
  • Niimi
    • Niimi Public University

High schools

  • Okayama
    • Okayama Ichinomiya Senior High School
    • Okayama Asahi Senior High School
    • Okayama Sozan Senior High School
    • Okayama Hosen Senior High School
    • Okayama Joto Senior High School
    • Okayama Sakuyo High School
    • Kurashiki High School

Transportation

Rail

  • JR West
    • Sanyo Shinkansen
    • Sanyo Line
    • Hakubi Line
    • Kibi Line
    • Ako Line
    • Uno Line
    • Kishin Line
    • Geibi Line
    • Imbi Line
  • JR West and JR Shikoku
    • Seto-Ōhashi Line
    • Honshi-bisan Line
  • Chizu Express
  • Ibara Railway
  • Mizushima Rinkai Railway

Tramways

  • Okayama Electric Tramway

Roads

Expressways

  • Sanyo Expressway
  • Chugoku Expressway
  • Seto Central Expressway
  • Yonago Expressway
  • Okayama Expressway
  • Tottori Expressway

National highways

  • Route 2 (Osaka-Kobe-Himeji-Bizen-Okayama-Kurashiki-Asakuchi-Onomichi-Hiroshima-Shunan-Shimonoseki-Kitakyushu)
  • Route 30 (Okayama-Uno-Takamatsu
  • Route 53 (Okayama-Tsuyama-Tottori)
  • Route 179
  • Route 180 (Okayama-Takahashi-Niimi)
  • Route 181 (Tsuyama-Maniwa-Yonago-Yasugi-Matsue)
  • Route 182
  • Route 183
  • Route 250 (Okayama-Setouchi-Ako-Aioi-Takasago-Akashi)
  • Route 313 (Fukuyama-Takahashi-Maniwa-Kurayoshi)
  • Route 373
  • Route 374
  • Route 429
  • Route 430
  • Route 482 (Kyotango-Toyooka-Wakasa-Kagamino-Maniwa-Kofu of Tottori
  • Route 484

Airport

  • Okayama Airport

Culture

  • Bizen-yaki (Bizen pottery)
  • Bizen Osafune/Bitchu Aoe swords

Association with Momotarō legend

Okayama Prefecture is closely associated with the folklore hero, Momotarō. This tale is said to have roots in the legendary story of Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto and Ura which explains that the Prince Ura of Kudara used to live in Kinojo (castle of the devil) and was a cause of trouble for the people living in the village. The emperor's government sent Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto(Momotarō) to defeat Ura. The city of Okayama holds an annual Momotarō-matsuri, or Momotarō Festival.

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Okayama.

Soccer

  • Fagiano Okayama F.C. (Okayama city)
  • Mitsubishi Motors Mizushima F.C. (Kurashiki)

Volleyball

  • Okayama Seagulls (Okayama city)

Tourism

Okayama Korakuen Park and Okayama Castle

Hiruzen Plateau and Hiruzen Joyful Park in Maniwa

Hinase Island and Seto Inlandsea in Bizen

Some tourist attractions are:

  • Koraku-en Japanese garden in Okayama
  • Okayama Castle, Okayama
  • Ki Castle, Sōja
  • Shizutani School, Bizen
  • Bikan Historical Area (倉敷美観地区, Kurashiki Bikan Chiku), Kurashiki
  • Bitchu Matsuyama Castle, Takahashi
  • Kakuzan Park, Tsuyama
  • Bisei Astronomical Observatory (美星天文台, Bisei Tenmondai), Ibara Town (following dissolution of Bisei Town)
  • Maki-do Cave, in Niimi

Notable people

Shin Koyamada, Hollywood actor from The Last Samurai

  • Shin Koyamada, Hollywood actor
  • Yuko Arimori, marathon runner
  • Tesshō Genda, voice actor
  • Ryutaro Hashimoto, Kiichiro Hiranuma, Inukai Tsuyoshi, former Prime Ministers of Japan
  • Sen'ichi Hoshino, baseball manager
  • Koshi Inaba, singer
  • Ichiyo Izawa, pianist and former member of Tokyo Jihen
  • Yoshio Nishina, known as the Father of Physics in Japan
  • Yumeji Takehisa, famous and influential early 20th century artist
  • Sesshu Toyo, suiboku master
  • Joichiro Tatsuyoshi, boxer
  • Haruka Fukushima, manga artist
  • Masashi Kishimoto, manga artist and creator of Naruto
  • Seishi Kishimoto, manga artist
  • Daisuke Takahashi, Olympic figure skater
  • Dorlis, jazz musician
  • Miyamoto Musashi, samurai
  • Megumi Fujii, MMA Fighter
  • Masaki Kajishima, creator of Tenchi Muyo!
  • Morihiro Hashimoto, darts player
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