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Travelling to Kilingi-Nõmme. Wikipedia about Kilingi-Nõmme

Kilingi-Nõmme ( Français: Kilingi-Nõmme, Spanish: Kilingi-Nõmme, Deutsch: Kilingi-Nõmme, Русский: Килинги-Нымме) - (The) city in Estonia, situated in Pärnu County region. According to the latest census, the city population is 2175. Geographical coordinates of Kilingi-Nõmme (WGS84): latitude: 58° 9' 1" N ( 58.1503 ), longitude: 24° 57' 51" E ( 24.9642 ).

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Kilingi-Nõmme
Town
The main street in Kilingi-Nõmme
The main street in Kilingi-Nõmme
Kilingi-Nõmme is located in Estonia
Kilingi-Nõmme
Kilingi-Nõmme
Location in Estonia
Coordinates: 58°08′59″N 24°57′41″E / 58.14972°N 24.96139°E / 58.14972; 24.96139
Country Estonia
County Pärnu County
Municipality Saarde Parish
First mentioned 1560
Borough rights 1919
Town rights 1 May 1938
Area
 • Total 4.26 km (1.64 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total 1,671
 • Rank 37th
 • Density 390/km (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
86301 to 86305
Area code(s) (+372) 44
Vehicle registration F

Kilingi-Nõmme is a town in Pärnu County, southwestern Estonia. It is the administrative centre of Saarde Parish. It's located on the intersection of Valga–Uulu (Valga–Pärnu, nr 6) and TartuViljandi–Kilingi-Nõmme (nr 92) roads, about 11 km (7 mi) from the Estonian border with Latvia.

History

The settlement was first mentioned in 1560 when a manor named Ovelgunne (also Kurkund) belonging to the Schilling family was established. In 1789 a tavern was opened in the nearby Nõmme farmstead. Hence the name "Kilingi-Nõmme", Kilingi derived from the Schilling surname. In the 1870s when most of the manor's land was handed out to Orthodox believers, the settlement started to develop faster. Local congregation was established in 1845, and a parish school three years later. Kilingi-Nõmme was then the centre of the surrounding Saarde Parish.

After the establishment of sawmill, flour mill and spinning factory, Kilingi-Nõmme gained the borough rights in 1919 and eventually the town rights on 1 May 1938.

In 1896, a PärnuMõisaküla–Rūjiena–Valga narrow gauge railway (750 mm (2 ft 5 2 in)) was built, the station in Kilingi-Nõmme was opened in 1917, before that the nearest station was Woltveti 1.7 km (1.1 mi) southeast in Tihemetsa. In 1975 the narrow gauge railway was closed and a new 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 32 in) Russian gauge railway (1,524 mm (5 ft)) was opened in 1981 as part of the TallinnPärnuRiga railway. Eventually this was also closed in 2000 and dismantled in 2008.

After the reindependence of Estonia in 1991, Kilingi-Nõmme served as a sovereign municipality, but merged with neighbouring Saarde and Tali parishes in 2005, and became the centre of the new Saarde Parish.

Population

As of 2011 Census, the town's population was 1,763.

Population development
Year 1900 1928 1934 1959 1970 1979 1989 2000 2003 2006 2008 2010
Population ca 500 1422 1663 2141 2319 2507 2504 2223 2207 2144 2106 2082

Notable people

  • Reio Avaste (born 1976), architect
  • Liisi Koikson (born 1983), singer
  • Ants Laaneots (born 1948), military commander
  • Lauri Laasi (born 1974), politician
  • Paul Lilleleht (1893–1955), military commander
  • Marie Reisik (1887–1941), politician and women's rights activist
  • Mart Siimann (born 1946), politician
  • Helene Vannari (born 1948), actress
  • Toomas Voll (born 1958), composer and choral conductor

References

  1. ^ Population by sex, age and place of residence after the 2017 administrative reform, 1 January. Statistics Estonia.
  2. ^ "Kilingi-Nõmme" (in Estonian). Eesti Entsüklopeedia. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  3. ^ "Kiling-Nõmme" (in Estonian). eestigiid.ee. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  4. ^ "Population by place of residence (settlement), sex and age". Statistics Estonia. 31 December 2011. Retrieved 2 September 2013.

External links

Media related to Kilingi-Nõmme at Wikimedia Commons

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