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Travelling to Zabrze. Wikipedia about Zabrze

Zabrze ( Français: Zabrze, Spanish: Zabrze, Deutsch: Zabrze, Русский: Забже) - (The) city in Poland, situated in Silesia region. According to the latest census, the city population is 192177. Geographical coordinates of Zabrze (WGS84): latitude: 50° 19' 0" N ( 50.3167 ), longitude: 18° 47' 0" E ( 18.7833 ).

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Zabrze
Main Post Office
Main Post Office
Flag of Zabrze
Flag
Coat of arms of Zabrze
Coat of arms
Zabrze is located in Silesian Voivodeship
Zabrze
Zabrze
Zabrze is located in Poland
Zabrze
Zabrze
Coordinates: 50°18′09″N 18°46′41″E / 50.30250°N 18.77806°E / 50.30250; 18.77806
Country  Poland
Voivodeship  Silesian
County city county
Established thirteenth century
Town rights 1922
Government
 • Mayor Małgorzata Mańka-Szulik
Area
 • City 80.40 km (31.04 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2018)
 • City 173,374 Decrease (20th)
 • Urban
2,746,000
 • Metro
4,620,624
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
41-800 to 41-820
Area code(s) +48 32
Car plates SZ
Website um.zabrze.pl

Zabrze (/ˈzɑːbʒ/; Polish pronunciation: [ˈzabʐɛ] (About this soundlisten); German: 1915–1945: Hindenburg O.S., full form: Hindenburg in Oberschlesien, Silesian: Zobrze) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice. The west district of the Silesian Metropolis, a metropolis with a population of around 2 million. It is in the Silesian Highlands, on the Bytomka River, a tributary of the Oder.

Zabrze is located in the Silesian Voivodeship, which was reformulated in 1999. Before 1999 it was in Katowice Voivodeship. It is one of the cities composing the 2.7 million inhabitant conurbation referred to as the Katowice urban area, itself a major centre in the greater Silesian metropolitan area which is populated by just over five million people. The population of Zabrze as of December 2018 is 173,374, down from June 2009 when the population was 188,122.

History

Early history

A historic metallurgical building in Zabrze

Biskupice (Biskupitz), which is now a subdivision of Zabrze, was first mentioned in 1243 as Biscupici dicitur cirka Bitom. Zabrze (or Old Zabrze) was mentioned in 1295-1305 as Sadbre sive Cunczindorf (German for Konrad/Kunze's village; sive = "or"). In the Late Middle Ages, the local Silesian Piast dukes invited German settlers into the territory, resulting in increasing German settlement. The settlement was part of the Silesian duchies of fragmented Poland. Zabrze became part of the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria in 1526, and was later annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia during the Silesian Wars. In 1774, the Dorotheendorf settlement was founded. When the first mine in Zabrze became operational in 1790, the town became an important mining center. In the 19th century, new coal mines, steelworks, factories and a power plant were created. A road connecting Gliwice and Chorzów and a railway connecting Opole and Świętochłowice were led through Zabrze.

Early 20th century and interwar years

In 1905, the Zabrze commune was formed by the former communes Alt-Zabrze, Klein-Zabrze and Dorotheendorf. The Zabrze commune was renamed Hindenburg in 1915 in honour of Generalfeldmarschall Paul von Hindenburg. The name change was approved by Emperor Wilhelm II on 21 February 1915. Up till then, it was one of the few cities whose Polish name was retained during German rule.

A monument commemorating the fallen in the fight for the liberation of Silesia in the Silesian Uprisings and World War II

In 1904 the "Sokół" Polish Gymnastic Society in Zabrze was established, which was also a Polish patriotic and pro-independence organization. As a result of the Prussian harassment it was liquidated in 1911, but it was reactivated twice, in 1913 and 1918. Its members took an active part in the post-war plebiscite campaign and the Silesian uprisings.

During the plebiscite held after World War I, 21,333 inhabitants (59%) of the Hindenburg commune voted to remain in Germany, while 14,873 (41%) voted for incorporation to Poland, which just regained its independence. In May 1921 the Third Silesian Uprising broke out and Hindenburg was captured by Polish insurgents, who held it until the end of the uprising. When Upper Silesia was divided between Poland and Germany in 1921, the Hindenburg commune remained in Germany. It received its city charter in 1922. Just five years after founding Hindenburg became the biggest city in German Upper Silesia and the second biggest City in German Silesia after Breslau. In the March 1933 elections, most of the citizens voted for the Nazi Party, followed by Zentrum and the Communist Party. Nazi politician Max Fillusch became the city's mayor and remained in the position until 1945. The town's synagogue, that had stood since 1872, was destroyed in the Kristallnacht pogroms of November 1938.

World War Two and aftermath

During some of the time of the Nazi German control of the region, a subcamp of Auschwitz III was located here.

Following World War II, according to the Potsdam Agreement the city was handed over to Poland in 1945 and the town's name was changed to the historic Zabrze on May 19, 1945. Most of the German inhabitants were expelled.

Administrative division

Districts of Zabrze

On 17 September 2012, the Zabrze city council decided on a new administrative division of the city. Zabrze was subsequently divided into 15 districts and 3 housing estates.

  • 1. Helenka (German: Helenenhof)
  • 2. Grzybowice (German: Pilzendorf)
  • 3. Rokitnica (German: Rokittnitz)
  • 4. Mikulczyce (German: Mikultschütz)
  • 5. Młody Górnik estate
  • 6. Mikołaj Kopernik estate
  • 7. Biskupice (German: Biskupitz)
  • 8. Maciejów (German: Mathesdorf)
  • 9. Tadeusz Kotarbiński estate
  • 10. Centrum Północ
  • 11. Centrum Południe
  • 12. Guido
  • 13. Zaborze Północ (German: Zaborze Nord)
  • 14. Zaborze Południe
  • 15. Pawłów (German: Paulsdorf)
  • 16. Kończyce (German: Kunzendorf)
  • 17. Makoszowy
  • 18. Zandka

Infrastructure

The Polish A4, which is part of the European E40, has a motorway junction near Zabrze.The Drogowa Trasa Srednicowa leads through the town.

Politics

Selected historic churches, from the left: St. John the Baptist, St. Lawrence, St. Anne, Assumption, St. Joseph

Coal Mining Museum in Zabrze

Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Bytom/Gliwice/Zabrze constituency

  • Chojnacki Jan, SLD-UP
  • Dulias Stanisław, Samoobrona
  • Gałażewski Andrzej, PO
  • Janik Ewa, SLD-UP
  • Kubica Józef, SLD-UP
  • Martyniuk Wacław, SLD-UP
  • Okoński Wiesław, SLD-UP
  • Szarama Wojciech, PiS
  • Szumilas Krystyna, PO
  • Widuch Marek, SLD-UP

Sports

  • Górnik Zabrze - men's football team (Polish Champion 1957, 1959, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1971, 1972, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988; Polish Cup winner 1965, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972; Polish Supercup winner 1988)
  • NMC Górnik Zabrze - handball club, playing in the Polish Superliga, the country's top division (Polish Champion 1989, 1990; Polish Cup winner 1984, 1988, 1990)
  • Wojtek Wolski - Pro ice hockey player for the Washington Capitals of the National Hockey League

Economy

Like other towns in this populous region, it is an important manufacturing centre, having coal-mines, iron, wire, glass, chemical and oil works, and local Upper Silesia Brewery, etc.

Notable people

Wolności Street in Zabrze

A historic water tower in Zabrze

  • Karl Godulla (1781–1848), Prussian industrialist
  • James Kleist (1873-1949), German-American Jesuit scholar
  • Heinz Fiebig (1897–1964), Wehrmacht general
  • Wolfgang Jörchel (1907–1945), Standartenführer in the Waffen SS
  • Fritz Laband (1925–1982), German footballer
  • Friedrich Nowottny (born 1929), German television journalist
  • Janosch (born 1931), German author
  • Joachim Kroll (1933–1991), German serial killer
  • Joachim Kerzel (born 1941), German actor
  • Wojtek Wolski (born 1986), Polish-Canadian hockey player playing for the Washington Capitals of the NHL, was born here in 1986.
  • Krystian Zimerman (born 1956), internationally renowned classical pianist, was born here in 1956.
  • Czesław Śpiewa, (born 1979), Polish singer
  • Władysław Turowicz (1908–1980), Polish-Pakistani military scientist
  • Jan Sawka (1946–2012) , Polish-American artist, architect
  • Waldemar Sorychta (born 1967), Polish heavy metal musician and producer
  • Margarete Stokowski (born 1988), Feminist author
  • The Dumplings, electropop band

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Zabrze is twinned with these cities:

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