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Travelling to Northern Europe. The Free Encyclopedia about Northern Europe

Northern Europe is a part of Europe and consists of the following regions: United Kingdom, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Guernsey, Faroe Islands, Iceland, Ireland, Svalbard, Norway, Isle Of Man, Jersey, Jan Mayen.
See Northern Europe interactive map with the information about travelling to Northern Europe.
The most popular means of transportation in Northern Europe.
Gulliway has a special source for travelling activities in Northern Europe.

Independent travel to Northern Europe.

Want to travel to Northern Europe on your own? Are you looking for more travel information about Northern Europe?
We have routes through many cities. Please check our: routes through Swansea, routes through Copenhagen, routes through Sheffield, routes through Odense, routes through Newport, routes through Roskilde, routes through Manchester, routes through Lappeenranta, routes through Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch, routes through Forssa.
Our statistic says, the most popular travelling activities are: Family Travel, Driving tours, Sunbathing, Hiking, Walking, Fishing, Hunting, Amusement Park, Shopping, Archeology, Culinary Trips, Wilderness Adventures.
The most popular means of transportation to travel around are: Travelling by Own car, Travelling by Ferry-boat, Travelling by Rent car, Travelling by Cross-country skiing

Wikipedia about Northern Europe: Northern Europe on our wiki pages.

This Wikipedia’s article is available under the GFDL. All links in the article are integrated to browse on Gulliway.
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Satellite photograph of most of Northern Europe

Northern Europe is the geographical region in Europe roughly north of the southern coast of the Baltic Sea, which is about 54°N. Narrower definitions may be based on other geographical factors such as climate and ecology. A broader definition would include the area north of the Alps. Countries which are central-western (such as Belgium and Switzerland), central (such as Austria) or central-eastern (such as Hungary and Poland) are not usually considered part of either Northern or Southern Europe.

Historically, when Europe was dominated by the Roman Empire, everything not near the Mediterranean region was termed Northern European, including southern Germany, all of the Low Countries, and Austria. This meaning is still used today in some contexts, for example, discussions of the Northern Renaissance.


Northern Europe might be defined roughly to include some or all of the following areas: British Isles, Fennoscandia, the peninsula of Jutland, the Baltic plain that lies to the east and the many islands that lie offshore from mainland Northern Europe and the main European continent. In some cases, Greenland is also included.

The area is partly mountainous, including the northern volcanic islands of Iceland and Jan Mayen, and the mountainous western seaboard, Scotland and Scandinavia, and also often includes part of the large plain east of the Baltic sea.

The entire region's climate is at least mildly affected by the Gulf Stream. From the west climates vary from maritime and maritime subarctic climates. In the north and central climates are generally subarctic or Arctic and to the east climates are mostly subarctic and temperate/continental.

Just as both climate and relief are variable across the region, so too is vegetation, with sparse tundra in the north and high mountains, boreal forest on the north-eastern and central regions temperate coniferous forests (formerly of which a majority was in the Scottish Highlands and south west Norway) and temperate broadleaf forests growing in the south, west and temperate east.


Various definitions of Northern Europe often include the Nordic countries, and may also include some or all of the Baltic states, the British Isles, northern Germany, northern Belarus and northwest Russia.

CIA World Factbook

Regions of Europe based on CIA World Factbook:   Northern Europe   Western Europe   Central Europe   Southwest Europe   Southern Europe   Southeast Europe   Eastern Europe

In the CIA World Factbook, the description of each country includes information about "Location" under the heading "Geography", where the country is classified into a region. The following countries are included in their classification "Northern Europe":

as well as the dependent areas

In this classification, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are classified as being in Eastern Europe, while the British Isles are included in Western Europe.


European sub-regions according to EuroVoc:   Northern Europe   Western Europe   Southern Europe   Central and Eastern Europe

EuroVoc is a multilingual thesaurus maintained by the Publications Office of the European Union, giving definitions of terms for official use. In the definition of "Northern Europe", the following countries are included:

as well as the dependent area

In this classification, the British Isles are included in Western Europe.

United Nations geoscheme

United Nations geoscheme subregions of Europe:   Northern Europe   Western Europe   Southern Europe   Eastern Europe

The United Nations geoscheme is a system created for statistical analysis, which divides the countries of the world into regional and subregional groups. The following countries are included in "Northern Europe":

as well as the dependent areas


Language branches in Northern Europe   North Germanic (Iceland and Scandinavia)   Finnic (Estonia, Finland)   Baltic (Latvia, Lithuania)

Countries in Northern Europe generally have developed economies and some of the highest standards of living in the world. They often score highly on surveys measuring quality of life, such as the Human Development Index. Aside from the United Kingdom, they generally have a small population relative to their size, most of whom live in cities. Most peoples living in Northern Europe are traditionally Protestant Christians, although many are non-practicing. There are also growing numbers of non-religious people and people of other religions, especially Muslims, due to immigration. In the United Kingdom, there are also significant numbers of Indian religions such as Hindus and Sikhs, due to the large South Asian diaspora. The quality of education in much of Northern Europe is rated highly in international rankings, with Estonia and Finland topping the list among the OECD countries in Europe. The Hansa group in the European Union comprises most of the Northern European states.

See also

  • Arctic Circle
  • Baltic region
  • Baltic states
  • Baltoscandia
  • British Isles
  • Central Europe
  • Eastern Europe
  • Germanic languages
  • Nordic-Baltic Eight
  • Nordic Council
  • Nordic countries
  • Nordic Estonia
  • Northern Future Forum
  • Scandinavia
  • Southern Europe
  • Western Europe


  1. ^ CIA. "The World Factbook".
  2. ^ Publications Office of the European Union. "EU Vocabularies 7206 Europe". EuroVoc.
  3. ^ United Nations Statistics Division. "UNSD Geographic Regions".

External links

  • Media related to Northern Europe at Wikimedia Commons
© This material from Wikipedia is licensed under the GFDL.

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