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Travelling to Sarpsborg. Wikipedia about Sarpsborg

Sarpsborg ( Français: Sarpsborg, Spanish: Sarpsborg, Deutsch: Sarpsborg, Русский: Сарпсборг) - (The) city in Norway, situated in Østfold region. According to the latest census, the city population is 52159. Geographical coordinates of Sarpsborg (WGS84): latitude: 59° 17' 0" N ( 59.2833 ), longitude: 11° 7' 0" E ( 11.1167 ).

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Sarpsborg kommune
Municipality
Parts of Sarpsborg
Parts of Sarpsborg
Coat of arms of Sarpsborg kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Sarpsborg kommune
Østfold within
Norway
Sarpsborg within Østfold
Sarpsborg within Østfold
Coordinates: 59°17′09″N 11°06′43″E / 59.28583°N 11.11194°E / 59.28583; 11.11194
Country Norway
County Østfold
Administrative centre Sarpsborg
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Sindre Martinsen-Evje (Ap)
Area
 • Total 406 km (157 sq mi)
 • Land 370 km (140 sq mi)
Area rank 238 in Norway
Population
 (2014)
 • Total 55,127
 • Rank 13 in Norway
 • Density 134/km (350/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
6.6%
Demonym(s) Sarping
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-0105
Official language form Bokmål
Website www.sarpsborg.com
Data from Statistics Norway

Sarpsborg [ˈsɑʂ.bɔr] or [ˈsɑrps.bɔrg], historically Borg, is a city and municipality in Østfold county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the city of Sarpsborg.

Sarpsborg is part of the fifth largest urban area in Norway when paired with neighbouring Fredrikstad. As of 1 January 2018, according to Statistics Norway these two municipalities have a total population of 136,127 with 55,840 in Sarpsborg and 81,278 in Fredrikstad.

Borregaard Industries is, and always has been, the most important industry in the city. The city is also the home of Borg Bryggerier, part of the Hansa Borg Bryggerier, which is Norway's second largest brewery-group.

General information

Name

In Norse times the city was just called Borg (from borg which means "castle"). The background for this was the fortification built by Olav Haraldsson (see History section). Later the genitive case of the name of the waterfall Sarpr (Sarp Falls) was added.

In Norse times Østfold county was called Borgarsýsla which means "the county (sýsla) of Borg" and the law district of southeast Norway was called Borgarþing meaning "the thing/court of Borg".

The old name has been revived in the diocese of Borg (1968) and Borgarting Court of Appeal (1995).

Coat of arms

The coat-of-arms is from modern times and was granted on 13 November 1991. It is based on a coat of arms dating from 1556 and shows a bear above a castle. The bear was introduced as early as some time in the 13th century, by the earl of Sarpsborg (Comes de Saresburgh), Alv Erlingsson. He used the bear to symbolise his strength. The castle symbolises the fortress (borg) that gave the city its original name.

History

The city was founded as Borg by the Viking King Olav Haraldsson (Saint Olaf) in 1016. It was burned to the ground by Swedish invaders in 1567 during the Northern Seven Years' War. Half the population was evacuated down the river to what is today known as Fredrikstad, about 15 kilometres (9 mi) downstream.

Much of the rebuilt town disappeared into the river Glomma during a 1702 mudslide. Again Borg was rebuilt, and it was recreated as a city in 1839, and separated from Tune as a municipality of its own.

The rural municipalities of Tune, Skjeberg, and Varteig were merged with the city on 1 January 1992. The population is steadily growing, and during the summer of 2005 it reached 50,000 inhabitants.

In 2016 the town celebrated its 1,000th anniversary, and the entire year was commemorated by a special programme that encouraged historic preservation within the town.

Number of minorities (1st and 2nd generation) in Sarpsborg by country of origin in 2017
Ancestry Number
 Poland 1,447
 Iraq 1,168
 Bosnia-Herzegovina 1,043
 Kosovo 713
 Somalia 529
 Sweden 463
 Syria 301
 Iran 290
 Vietnam 281
 Afghanistan 247
 Philippines 225
 Lithuania 211
 Thailand 198
 Denmark 184
 Pakistan 146

Downtown Sarpsborg (Roald Amundsens Gate)

City districts

  • Hasle
  • Sandbakken
  • Sarpsborg
  • Ise
  • Skjeberg
  • Alvim
  • Sannesund
  • Greåker
  • Grålum
  • Borgenhaugen
  • Klavestadhaugen
  • Yven
  • Høysand
  • Varteig
  • Hafslund
  • Hannestad
  • Gleng
  • Fritznerbakken
  • Kurland
  • Lande
  • Valaskjold
  • Brevik
  • Opsund

Sport

During the 1950s and 1960s, Sarpsborg was famous for its football (soccer) team, Sarpsborg FK, but is now more known for its ice hockey team, Sparta Warriors. In football, Sarpsborg 08 FF has taken over the local throne, currently playing at the highest national level. On 6 November 2009, they sent arch-rival FFK down from the "Tippeliga" in a play-off game in Fredrikstad stadion. Sarpsborg-08 has a women's football team that was promoted to the women's Division 1 at the end of 2011, at the same time as the club's under-19 girls reached the Junior Cup Final. Sarpsborg BK plays in the highest bandy division.

Sarpsborg is famous for its two elite leagues teams in floorball, Sarpsborg IBK and Greåker IBK.

Musical artists and bands

  • Apoptygma Berzerk
  • Artch
  • At Your Leisure
  • Jan Groth
  • Ragnarok
  • Robert Normann
  • Sarpsborg Janitsjarkorps
  • Tonic Breed
  • Witchhammer

Notable residents

  • Walther Aas (1928–1990), artist
  • Lene Alexandra Øien, glamour model
  • Roald Amundsen (1872-1928), explorer, first person to reach the South Pole
  • John Anderson (1873–1949), Major League Baseball player for fifteen seasons in the United States
  • Arne Arnardo, circus owner
  • Jan Groth (1946–), vocalist/songwriter/artist (Aunt Mary/Just4Fun/Oslo Gospel Choir/Aage Samuelsen tributes)
  • Stephan Groth (1971–), artist
  • Jonas Holøs (1987), ice hockey player
  • Raymond Kvisvik (1974–), soccer player.
  • Åge Sten Nilsen artist/vocalist/songwriter ("Glam" from Wig Wam/The Show Must Go On (Queen Tribute)/Rondo)
  • Nils Ole Oftebro, actor
  • Josephine Ryan, goldsmith, jewelry designer
  • Per-Åge Skrøder, ice hockey player
  • Jens Arne Svartedal, international skiing champion
  • Oscar Torp (1893–1958), former Prime Minister of Norway
  • Jasmin Haugstuen Please (1988-) Actress

Harald Dahl, father of the British writer Roald Dahl, also came from Sarpsborg.

Twin towns - Sister cities

Sarpsborg has several sister cities:

References

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ "Population 1 January and population changes until now this year. The whole country, counties and municipalities". Statistics Norway. 22 August 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Vedtak om bruk av byvåpenet i den nye kommunen" (in Norwegian). Sarpsborg. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
  4. ^ "Sarpsborg 1016-2016".
  5. ^ "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  6. ^ "Vennskapsbyer" (in Norwegian). Sarpsborg kommune. Archived from the original on 2012-02-14. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
  7. ^ "::Bethlehem Municipality::". www.bethlehem-city.org. Archived from the original on 2010-07-24. Retrieved 2009-10-10.

External links

  • Media related to Sarpsborg at Wikimedia Commons
  • Sarpsborg travel guide from Wikivoyage
© This material from Wikipedia is licensed under the GFDL.

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