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Travelling to Porsgrunn. Wikipedia about Porsgrunn

Porsgrunn ( Français: Porsgrunn, Spanish: Porsgrunn, Deutsch: Porsgrunn, Русский: Порсгрунн) - (The) city in Norway, situated in Telemark region. According to the latest census, the city population is 34377. Geographical coordinates of Porsgrunn (WGS84): latitude: 59° 9' 0" N ( 59.15 ), longitude: 9° 40' 0" E ( 9.6667 ).

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Porsgrunn kommune
Municipality
Parts of Porsgrunn
Parts of Porsgrunn
Coat of arms of Porsgrunn kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Porsgrunn kommune
Telemark within
Norway
Porsgrunn within Telemark
Porsgrunn within Telemark
Coordinates: 59°6′56″N 9°42′36″E / 59.11556°N 9.71000°E / 59.11556; 9.71000
Country Norway
County Telemark
District Grenland
Administrative centre Porsgrunn
Government
 • Mayor (2015) Robin Kåss (Ap)
Area
 • Total 165 km (64 sq mi)
 • Land 161 km (62 sq mi)
Area rank 352 in Norway
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 35,117
 • Rank 22 in Norway
 • Density 213/km (550/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
6.4%
Demonym(s) Porsgrunning
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-0805
Official language form Neutral
Website www.porsgrunn.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

About this soundPorsgrunn  is a city and municipality in Telemark county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Grenland. The administrative centre of the municipality is the city of Porsgrunn.

The municipality of Porsgrunn was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The town of Brevik and the rural district of Eidanger were merged into the municipality of Porsgrunn on 1 January 1964.

The conurbation of Porsgrunn and Skien is considered by Statistics Norway to be the seventh-largest city in Norway.

General information

Name

The place is first mentioned in 1576 ("Porsgrund") by the writer Peder Claussøn Friis in his work Concerning the Kingdom of Norway (see the article: Norwegian literature). He writes: "Two and a half miles from the sea, the Skien river flows into the fjord, and that place is called Porsgrund." The name was probably given during medieval times to the then swampy area by the nuns of Gimsøy Abbey, who went here to collect the shrub pors ("Bog Myrtle"), and the Norwegian word grunn meaning "ground". Prior to 1931, the name was spelled "Porsgrund".

Coat-of-arms

The coat of arms is from modern times. They were granted on 16 January 1905. The arms were devised in 1905 when the city needed a new city hall. The silver bend is the small river running through the city. The upper half shows a silver-colored branch of bog myrtle on a red background and is thus a canting symbol. The silver anchor on a blue background symbolizes the importance of the local harbor.

History

Porsgrunn City Hall

Porsgrunn has been an important harbor town in the Grenland area since the late 16th century. In 1653, the Customs House was moved further down the Telemarksvassdraget from Skien to Porsgrunn mainly because industrial waste such as sawdust and mud made the river too shallow to allow boats to go any further up the river. Moving the Custom House to Porsgrunn added to the flourishing harbor activity and Porsgrunn became a thriving market town.

In the 18th century, it was the home of some of Norway's most influential families at the time, such as the Aalls, Cappelens, Løvenskiolds, and Deichmans. Also in this period, Porsgrunn was considered the cultural centre of Norway. On the ecclesiastical side, Porsgrunn was separated from the ancient rural parishes of Eidanger, Solum, and Gjerpen in 1764 to become a prestegjeld with its own minister. Churches within the Porsgrunn prestegjeld include Østre Porsgrunn Church and Vestre Porsgrunn Church. The city was granted limited city status in 1807, but this was expanded to full city status in 1842.

Porsgrunn was once home to Skomvær, the country's largest sailing ship. In 1985, the sculpture Amphitrite, the wave and the sea birds was unveiled in Porsgrunn. The sculpture, which is one of Jørleif Uthaug's best known works, has a nautical theme in honor of Porsgrunn's maritime history.

Geography

The river flowing through the town

Porsgrunn borders the municipalities of Skien and Siljan to the north, Bamble in the west, and Larvik in the east. It is part of a cluster of municipalities in southern Telemark that constitute the Grenland area of Norway. The city is situated near Gunneklevfjord, and at the mouth of the river Telemarksvassdraget or Porsgrunn River (Porsgrunnselva). The peninsula of Herøya, southeast of the city, was originally an industrial park and has grown into a suburb of Porsgrunn.

Industry

Porsgrunn is an important center of industry and has a long history of heavy industry. Important industries in Porsgrunn include:

  • Norsk Hydro (magnesium)
  • Elkem (silicon)
  • Yara International (nitrogen fertilizers)
  • Porsgrund Porcelænsfabrik (porcelain)
  • Renewable Energy Corporation (solar power products)
  • Isola (building materials, roofing)
  • Norcem
  • Eramet

Transportation

Transportation links from Porsgrunn:

  • Bus (Oslo, Kristiansand, Notodden)
  • Train (stops at Porsgrunn Station)
    • The Vestfold Line to Drammen and onwards to Oslo
    • The Bratsberg Line to Skien and Notodden
  • Ferry (Fjordbåtene i Brevik)

Notable residents

  • Cort Adeler (1622-1675), admiral, born in Brevik/Porsgrunn
  • Johan Castberg (1862-1926), politician, born in Brevik/Porsgrunn
  • Vivian Bull (1995), student
  • Kristin Halvorsen (born 1960), former leader of Socialist Left Party, Minister of Finance, Minister of Education
  • Petter Stordalen (born 1962), real estate developer, and hotel owner
  • Torbjørn Røe Isaksen (born 1978), former leader of Unge Høyre, Minister of Education and Research
  • Tony Capaldi (born 1981), professional footballer currently playing for Morecambe F.C.
  • Aleksander Walmann (born 1986), singer, known for participating for Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest 2017
  • Thobias Petter Wiibe (1815-1891), mayor
  • Didrik Solli-Tangen (born 1987), singer, known for participating for Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

The following cities are twinned with Porsgrunn:

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2009-01-17.
  3. ^ ""Historien vår"-byhistorisk utstilling" (in Norwegian). Porsgrunn Kommune. Retrieved 2007-06-16.
  4. ^ "Vennskapskommuner for Porsgrunn og Brevik" (in Norwegian). Porsgrunn kommune. Retrieved 2009-01-17.

Books

  • Harald Hals (1968). Eidanger bygdehistorie. Brødrene Kjaer Boktrykkeri.
  • Johan N. Tønnessen (1956–1957). Porsgrunns historie.
  • Ole Georg Moseng (2006). Porsgrunns historie . Bind I . Byen i emning .
  • Ellen Schrumpf (2006). Porsgrunns historie . Bind II . Byen ved elva.

External links

  • Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway
  • Telemark travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Porsgrunn travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Municipal website (in Norwegian)
  • Porsgrunds Porselænsfabrik AS (porcelain factory) (in Norwegian)
  • www.isola.com (in Norwegian)
  • Porsgrunn public library (in Norwegian)
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