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Travelling to Västmanland. The Free Encyclopedia about Västmanland

Västmanland is a part of Sweden See Västmanland interactive map with the information about travelling to Västmanland.

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Västmanland
Coat of arms of Västmanland
Coat of arms
Sverigekarta-Landskap Västmanland.svg
Country Sweden
Land Svealand
Counties Västmanland County
Örebro County
Dalarna County
Area
 • Total 8,363 km (3,229 sq mi)
Population (2016)
 • Total 309,357
 • Density 37/km (96/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Languages Svealand Swedish
Gnällbältet
Culture
 • Flower Mistletoe
 • Animal Roe deer
 • Bird Crested tit
 • Fish Pike-perch
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)

Västmanland (About this sound Listen ) is a historical Swedish province, or landskap, in middle Sweden. It borders Södermanland, Närke, Värmland, Dalarna and Uppland.

The name comes from "West men", referring to the people west of Uppland, the core province of early Sweden.

Administration

The traditional provinces of Sweden serve no administrative or political purposes (except sometimes as sport districts), but are historical and cultural entities. In the case of Västmanland the corresponding administrative county, Västmanland County, constitutes the eastern part of the province. The western part is in Örebro County.

Heraldry

The coat of arms was granted in 1560. At the time it featured one fire mountain, to represent the mine of Sala Municipality. Soon, their numbers were increased to three, to also symbolize the Lindesberg and Norberg/Skinnskatteberg mines and the present blazon was ratified in 1943.Blazon: "Argent, in base tripple Mount Azure issuant from each Flames Gules." When crowned with a dukal coronet it represents the province. However rather different in size Västmanland County was granted the same CoA in 1943.

Geography

The terrain is to the north and north-west rocky. In these parts the highest mountains are located: Älvhöjden with 422 meters, and Gillersklack with 408 meters.

In the other parts it consists mostly of plains.

The largest lake is Mälaren marking the southern border, Sweden's third largest lake.

  • National parks: Färnebofjärden

Western Västmanland traditionally belonged to the mining district of Bergslagen.

In 2014, the area around Ramnas saw the largest forest fire in Sweden in modern times.

History

The oldest city of Västmanland is Västerås, founded sometime around 990. The city was once the provincial capital, and from 1120 the seat of the diocese of Västerås. Västerås is today also the largest city in the province, with 140,000 inhabitants in the municipality.

After that Arboga, was chartered in the 12th century, Köping in 1474, Sala in 1624; Lindesberg and Nora both in 1643, and finally Fagersta in 1944. With city status in Sweden being abolished in 1971, these are solely historical titles.

The mines of Norberg and Skinnskatteberg began being in use in the 14th century. The mine of Lindesberg was being cultivated in the early 16th century.

Dukes of Västmanland

Since 1772, Swedish Princes have been created Dukes of various provinces. This is solely a nominal title.

  • Prince Erik (1889–1918)

Culture

Engelsberg Ironworks is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Notable residents

  • Johan Wilhelm Dalman (1787–1828), physician and naturalist

Sports

ABB Arena Syd, the largest permanent indoor arena for bandy in Sweden

Västerås SK is the most successful Swedish bandy team with 20 titles as of 2017. Several Bandy World Championship finals have been played in Västerås.

Subdivisions

Västmanland was historically divided into districts. Within Bergslagen they were called mountain districts (bergslag), and in the rest of the province hundreds.

  • Fellingsbro Hundred
  • Norrbo Hundred
  • Siende Hundred
  • Simtuna Hundred
  • Snevringe Hundred
  • Tu Hundred
  • Vagnsbro Hundred
  • Yttertjurbo Hundred
  • Åkerbo Hundred
  • Övertjurbo Hundred
  • Grythytte and Hällefors Mountain District
  • Lindes and Ramsberg Mountain District
  • New Kopparberg Mountain District
  • Nora and Hjulsjö Mountain District
  • Old Norberg Mountain District
  • Skinnskatteberg Mountain District

References

  1. ^ "Folkmängd i landskapen den 31 december 2016" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 21 March 2017. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  2. ^ Neveus, de Wærn: Ny svensk vapenbok, 1992
  3. ^ "King Carl Gustaf visits Ramna". Scandinavian Royalty.

External links

  • Västmanland — tourism website.
  • (in Swedish) Nordisk familjebok: Västmanland article — from Nordisk familjebok (1922).

© This material from Wikipedia is licensed under the GFDL.

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