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Travelling to Cottbus. Wikipedia about Cottbus

Cottbus ( Français: Cottbus, Spanish: Cottbus, Deutsch: Cottbus, Русский: Котбус) - (The) city in Germany, situated in Brandenburg region. According to the latest census, the city population is 84754. Geographical coordinates of Cottbus (WGS84): latitude: 51° 46' 0" N ( 51.7667 ), longitude: 14° 20' 0" E ( 14.3333 ).

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We recommend you to visit the following pages about travelling to Cottbus: Interactive map of Cottbus. The most popular sights and events are: Brandenburg Technical University, Stadion der Freundschaft .
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Cottbus/Chóśebuz
View-over-cottbus.jpg
State Theater in Cottbus.jpg
The Spremberger Tower.jpg
Cottbus - Bahnhofstraße, looking south.jpg
Cottbus University Library.jpg
From top: View of Cottbus at sunset,
The Art-Nouveau façade of the State Theater (1905), The 14th cent. Spremberger Tower,
View on the Karl-Liebknecht Str, The library of the Brandenburg University of Technology
Coat of arms of Cottbus/Chóśebuz
Coat of arms
Location of Cottbus/Chóśebuz
Cottbus/Chóśebuz is located in Germany
Cottbus/Chóśebuz
Cottbus/Chóśebuz
Cottbus/Chóśebuz is located in Brandenburg
Cottbus/Chóśebuz
Cottbus/Chóśebuz
Coordinates: 51°45′38″N 14°20′03″E / 51.76056°N 14.33417°E / 51.76056; 14.33417
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Urban district
Government
 • Lord Mayor Holger Kelch (CDU)
Area
 • Total 164.28 km (63.43 sq mi)
Elevation
70 m (230 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)
 • Total 100,219
 • Density 610/km (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
03042-03055
Dialling codes 0355
Vehicle registration CB
Website www.cottbus.de

Cottbus (German pronunciation: [ˈkɔtbʊs] (About this soundlisten); Lower Sorbian: Chóśebuz, pronounced [ˈxɨɕɛbus]) is a university city and the second-largest city in Brandenburg, Germany. Situated around 125 km (78 mi) southeast of Berlin, on the River Spree, Cottbus is also a major railway junction with extensive sidings/depots. Although only a small Sorbian minority lives in Cottbus itself, the city is considered as the political and cultural center of the Sorbs in Lower Lusatia.

Spelling

Until the beginning of the 20th century, the spelling of the city's name was disputed. In Berlin, the spelling "Kottbus" was preferred, and it is still used for the capital's Kottbusser Tor ("Cottbus Gate"), but locally the traditional spelling "Cottbus" (which defies standard German-language rules) was preferred, and it is now used in most circumstances. Because the official spelling used locally before the spelling reforms of 1996 had contravened even the standardized spelling rules already in place, the Standing Committee for Geographical Names stress their urgent recommendation that geographical names should respect the national spelling standards. In this context it is to be noted that a citizen of the city may be identified as either a "Cottbuser" or a "Cottbusser".

Names in different languages:

  • Czech: Chotěbuz
  • German: Cottbus
  • Latin: Cotbusium
  • Polish: Chociebuż
  • Lower Sorbian: Chóśebuz
  • Upper Sorbian: Choćebuz
  • Yiddish: קוטבוס‎, romanized: Kutbus

History

Historical affiliations
March of Lusatia 965–1002

Duchy of Poland 1002–1025
Kingdom of Poland 1025–1032
March of Lusatia 1032–1367
Lands of the Bohemian Crown 1367–1445
Margraviate of Brandenburg 1445–1618
Brandenburg-Prussia 1618–1701
 Kingdom of Prussia 1701–1807
Kingdom of Saxony 1807–1815
 Kingdom of Prussia 1815–1871
 German Empire 1871–1918
 Weimar Republic 1918–1933
 Nazi Germany 1933–1945
 Allied-occupied Germany 1945–1949
 German Democratic Republic 1949–1990

 Federal Republic of Germany 1990–present

The settlement was established in the 10th century, when Sorbs erected a castle on a sandy island in the River Spree. The first recorded mention of the town's name was in 1156. In the 13th century German settlers came to the town and thereafter lived side by side with the Sorbs. In the Middle Ages Cottbus was known for wool, and the town's drapery was exported throughout Brandenburg, Bohemia and Saxony. In 1445 Cottbus was acquired by the Margraviate of Brandenburg from Bohemia. In 1514 Jan Rak founded the Universitas Serborum, a Sorbian gymnasium, in the city. In 1701 the city became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. It was also ruled by Saxony between 1807 and 1813. In 1815 the surrounding districts of Upper and Lower Lusatia were ceded by the Kingdom of Saxony to Prussia. During World War II, Cottbus was taken by the Red Army on 22 April 1945.

From 1949 until German reunification in 1990, Cottbus was part of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).

Demography

Cottbus: Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1875 35,201 —    
1890 46,671 +1.90%
1910 65,438 +1.70%
1925 68,228 +0.28%
1933 72,286 +0.72%
1939 75,969 +0.83%
1946 73,010 −0.57%
1950 73,695 +0.23%
1964 84,952 +1.02%
1971 94,606 +1.55%
1981 125,326 +2.85%
1985 133,232 +1.54%
1989 137,366 +0.77%
1990 134,781 −1.88%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1991 131,625 −2.34%
1992 131,343 −0.21%
1993 130,756 −0.45%
1994 128,601 −1.65%
1995 126,343 −1.76%
1996 124,389 −1.55%
1997 122,579 −1.46%
1998 119,629 −2.41%
1999 115,970 −3.06%
2000 113,618 −2.03%
2001 111,125 −2.19%
2002 109,144 −1.78%
2003 107,549 −1.46%
2004 106,415 −1.05%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2005 105,309 −1.04%
2006 103,837 −1.40%
2007 102,811 −0.99%
2008 101,785 −1.00%
2009 101,671 −0.11%
2010 102,091 +0.41%
2011 99,974 −2.07%
2012 99,913 −0.06%
2013 99,595 −0.32%
2014 99,491 −0.10%
2015 99,687 +0.20%
2016 100,416 +0.73%
2017 101,036 +0.62%
2018 100,219 −0.81%

Culture and education

The Lower Sorbian Gymnasium

The Brandenburg University of Technology Library

Cottbus is the cultural centre of the Lower Sorbian minority. Many signs in the town are bilingual, and there is a Lower Sorbian-medium Gymnasium and a Sorbian Quarter, but Sorbian is rarely spoken on the streets.

Next to Cottbus is the famous Branitz Park, created by Prince Hermann von Pückler-Muskau after 1845. Schloss Branitz (Branitz Castle) was rebuilt by Gottfried Semper in a late Baroque style between 1846 and 1852, and the gardens Prince Hermann laid feature two pyramids. One of these, the Seepyramide, is in the middle of an artificial lake and serves as his mausoleum.

Cottbus is also home of the Brandenburg University of Technology (BTU) and the maths/science-oriented Max-Steenbeck-Gymnasium, named after the physicist Max Steenbeck.

Every year Cottbus hosts the East European Film Festival.

Cottbus has a football team, Energie Cottbus, that plays in the 3. Liga. Their home matches are played at the city's Stadion der Freundschaft.

Power generation

There are several lignite-fired power stations in the area around Cottbus (Lausitz). The biggest stations are "Schwarze Pumpe" (1600 MW), "Boxberg" (1900 MW) and "Jänschwalde" (3000 MW).

International relations

Twin towns – sister cities

Cottbus is twinned with:

  • Slovakia Košice, Slovakia (since 1978)
  • Germany Saarbrücken, Germany (since 1987)
  • Germany Gelsenkirchen, Germany (since 1995)
  • United Kingdom Nuneaton and Bedworth, United Kingdom (since 1999)
  • Kazakhstan Temirtau, Kazakhstan (since 2018)

Notable people

before 1800

  • Carl Blechen (1798–1840), landscape painter

Carl Blechen - Self-Portrait

1801–1850

  • Gustav Theodor Fritsch (1838–1927), anatomist, anthropologist and physiologist
  • Otto Hugo Paul Grottkau (1846–1898) socialist and trade unionist and American journalist

1851-1950

  • Reinhold Platz (1886-1966), aircraft designer and manufacturer at Fokker
  • Viktoria Schmidt-Linsenhoff (1944–2013), German art historian and professor

1951–1975

  • Rudi Fink (born 1958), amateur boxer and boxing coach
  • Gabriele Reinsch (born 1963), world record holder discus throwing
  • Jens Melzig (born 1965), football player
  • Marco Geisler (born 1974), rower

Since 1976

  • Janice Behrendt (born 1983), beauty queen and model
  • Daniel Musiol (born 1983), cyclist
  • Robert Harting (born 1984), discus thrower
  • Heiko Schwarz (born 1989), football player

See also

  • Cottbus Air Base
  • Cottbus-Drewitz Airport
  • Cottbus-Neuhausen Airport
  • Klinge
© This material from Wikipedia is licensed under the GFDL.

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