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Travelling to Chemnitz. Wikipedia about Chemnitz

Chemnitz ( Français: Chemnitz, Spanish: Chemnitz, Deutsch: Chemnitz, Русский: Хемниц) - (The) city in Germany, situated in Saxony region. According to the latest census, the city population is 247220. Geographical coordinates of Chemnitz (WGS84): latitude: 50° 50' 0" N ( 50.8333 ), longitude: 12° 55' 0" E ( 12.9167 ).

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Chemnitz
Schloßkirche am Schloßteich..jpg
Roter Turm Chemnitz 2009 25.jpg
Chemnitz-altes-Rathaus.jpg
Chemnitz-Tietz-Moritzhof-pa.jpg
From top: View over Chemnitz,
Red tower,
Old Town Hall, Modern city centre of Chemnitz
Flag of Chemnitz
Flag
Coat of arms of Chemnitz
Coat of arms
Location of Chemnitz
Chemnitz is located in Germany
Chemnitz
Chemnitz
Chemnitz is located in Saxony
Chemnitz
Chemnitz
Coordinates: 50°50′N 12°55′E / 50.833°N 12.917°E / 50.833; 12.917
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Urban districts of Germany
Government
 • Mayor Barbara Ludwig (SPD)
Area
 • Total 220.85 km (85.27 sq mi)
Elevation
296 m (971 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)
 • Total 247,237
 • Density 1,100/km (2,900/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
09001–09247
Dialling codes 0371

037200 (Wittgensdorf)037209 (Einsiedel)03722 (Röhrsdorf)

03726 (Euba)
Vehicle registration C
Website www.chemnitz.de Edit this at Wikidata

Chemnitz (German: [ˈkɛmnɪts] (About this soundlisten), from 1953 to 1990: Karl-Marx-Stadt; Upper and Lower Sorbian: Kamjenica; Czech: Saská Kamenice) is the third largest city in the German federal state of Saxony after Leipzig and Dresden. It is the 28th largest city of Germany as well as the fourth largest city in the area of former East Germany after (East) Berlin, Leipzig and Dresden. The city is part of the Central German Metropolitan Region, and lies in the middle of a string of cities sitting in the densely populated northern foreland of the Elster and Ore Mountains, stretching from Plauen in the southwest via Zwickau, Chemnitz and Freiberg to Dresden in the northeast.

Located in the Ore Mountain Basin, the city is surrounded by the Ore Mountains to the south and the Central Saxon Hill Country to the north. The city stands on the Chemnitz River (progression: Zwickauer Mulde→ Mulde→ Elbe→ North Sea), which is formed through the confluence of the rivers Zwönitz and Würschnitz in the borough of Altchemnitz.

The name of the city as well as the names of the rivers are of Slavic origin. Chemnitz is the third largest in the Thuringian-Upper Saxon dialect area after Leipzig and Dresden. The city's economy is based on the service sector and manufacturing industry. Chemnitz University of Technology has around 10,000 students.

Etymology

Chemnitz is named after the river Chemnitz, a small tributary of the Zwickau Mulde. The word "Chemnitz" is from the Sorbian language (Upper Sorbian: Kamjenica), and means "stony [brook]". The word is composed of the Slavic word kamen meaning "stone" and the feminine suffix -ica.

It is known in Czech as Saská Kamenice and in Polish as Kamienica Saska. There are many other towns named Kamienica or Kamenice in areas with past or present Slavic settlement.

History

Chemnitz in 1850

An early Slavic tribe's settlement was located at Kamienica, and the first documented use of the name Chemnitz was the 1143 site of a Benedictine monastery around which a settlement grew. Circa 1170 Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor granted it the rights of an Imperial city. In 1307, the town became subordinate to the Margraviate of Meissen, the predecessor of the Saxon state. In medieval times, Chemnitz became a centre of textile production and trade. More than one third of the population worked in textile production.

By the early 19th century, Chemnitz had become an industrial centre (sometimes called "the Saxon Manchester"). In 1913, Chemnitz had a population of 320,000 and, like Leipzig and Dresden, was larger at that time than today. After losing inhabitants due to the First World War Chemnitz grew rapidly again and reached its all-time peak of 360,250 inhabitants in 1930. Before the world economic crises, it was supposed that the city would keep on growing and would become a Millionenstadt (a city with at least one million inhabitants) by incorporating also fast growing smaller towns and municipalities around it.

Weimar Republic

As a working-class industrial city, it was a powerful center of socialist political organization after World War I. At the foundation of the German Communist Party the local Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany voted by 1,000 votes to three to break from the party and join the Communist Party behind their local leaders, Fritz Heckert and Heinrich Brandler. In March 1919 the German Communist Party had over 10,000 members in thecity of Chemnitz.

World War II

Allied bombing destroyed 41 per cent of the built-up area of Chemnitz during the Second World War. Chemnitz contained factories that produced military hardware and a Flossenbürg forced labor subcamp (500 female inmates) for Astra-Werke AG. The oil refinery was a target for bombers during the Oil Campaign of World War II, and Operation Thunderclap attacks included the following raids:

  • 14/15 February 1945: The first major raid on Chemnitz used 717 RAF bombers, but due to cloud cover most bombs fell over open countryside.
  • 2/3–5 March: USAAF bombers attacked the marshalling yards.
  • 5 March: 760 RAF bombers attacked.

The headquarters of the auto manufacturer Auto Union were also based in Chemnitz since 1932 and its buildings were also badly damaged. At the end of the war, the company's executives fled and relocated the company in Ingolstadt, Bavaria, where it evolved into Audi, now a brand within the Volkswagen group.

The World War II bombings left most of the city in ruins and post-war, the East German reconstruction included large low rise (and later high-rise Plattenbau) housing. Some tourist sites were reconstructed during the East German era and after German reunification. The city was occupied by Soviet troops on 8 May 1945.

East Germany

After the dissolution of the Länder (states) in the GDR in 1952, Chemnitz became seat of a district (Bezirk). On 10 May 1953, the city was renamed by decision of the East German government to Karl-Marx-Stadt after Karl Marx, in recognition of its industrial heritage and the Karl Marx Year marking the 135th anniversary of his birth and the 70th anniversary of his death.GDR Prime Minister Otto Grotewohl said:

The people who live here do not look back, but look forward to a new and better future. They look at socialism. They look with love and devotion to the founder of the socialist doctrine, the greatest son of the German people, to Karl Marx. I hereby fulfill the government's decision. I carry out the solemn act of renaming the city and declare: From now on, this city bears the proud and mandatory name Karl-Marx-Stadt.

After the city centre was destroyed in World War II, the East German authorities attempted to rebuild it to symbolise the conceptions of urban development of a socialist city. The layout of the city centre at that time was rejected in favour of a new road network. However, the original plans were not completed. In addition, the rapid development of housing took priority over the preservation of old buildings. So in the 1960s and 1970s, both in the centre as well as the periphery, large areas were built in Plattenbau apartment-block style, for example Yorckstraße. The old buildings of the period, which still existed in the Kassberg, Chemnitz-Sonnenberg and Chemnitz-Schloßchemnitz especially, were neglected and fell increasingly into dereliction.

After reunification

Chemnitz at night, 2015

The restored market of Chemnitz

On 23 April 1990, a referendum on the future name of the city was held: 76% of the voters voted for the old name "Chemnitz". On 1 June 1990, the city was officially renamed.

After the reunification of Germany on 3 October 1990, the city of Chemnitz faced several difficult tasks. Many inhabitants migrated to the former West Germany and unemployment in the region increased sharply; in addition Chemnitz did not have adequate shopping facilities, but this was increasingly demanded. Large shopping centers were constructed on the city periphery to the early 1990s.

Chemnitz is the only major German city whose centre was re-planned after 1990, similar to the reconstruction of several other German cities in the immediate post-war years. Plans for the recovery of a compressed city centre around the historic town hall in 1991 led to an urban design competition. This was announced internationally by the city and carried out with the help of the partner city of Düsseldorf. The mooted project on an essentially unused area of the former city would be comparable in circumference with the Potsdamer Platz in Berlin.

Numerous internationally renowned architects such as Hans Kollhoff, Helmut Jahn and Christoph Ingenhoven provided designs for a new city centre. The mid-1990s began the development of the inner city brownfields around the town hall to a new town. In Chemnitz city more than 66,000 square meters of retail space have emerged. With the construction of office and commercial building on the construction site "B3" at the Düsseldorf court, the last gap in 2010 was closed in city centre image. The intensive development included demolition of partially historically valuable buildings from the period and was controversial. Between 1990 and 2007 more than 250 buildings were leveled.

In late August 2018 the city was the site of a series of protests that attracted at least 8,000 people. The protests were also attended by some far-right and Neo-Nazi groups. News outlets reported about mob violence and riots. The protests started after two immigrants were arrested in connection with the murder of Daniel H., a 35 year old Cuban-German man, which had happened on 26 August. Violent clashes occurred between far-right protesters and far-left counter protesters, leading to injuries. The mobs outnumbered the local police presence. There were reports that rightist protesters chased down dark skinned bystanders and those that appeared to be foreigners on the streets before more police arrived and intervened. The riots were widely condemned by media outlets and politicians throughout Germany, and were "described as reminiscent of civil war and Nazi pogroms."

The reports of mob violence and riots were criticized as incorrect later on. The German language Swiss newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung corrected its earlier reports, stating that there had evidently been no mob violence but there have been sporadic encroachments. Minister President of Saxony Michael Kretschmer came to the same conclusion: "there were no mobs and man hunts".

One week after the protests, a free "Concert against the Right" under the motto "We are more" (#wirsindmehr) attracted an audience of some 65,000 people. A one-minute silence commemorated Daniel H., the Cuban-German man killed. The concert itself has been criticized for far-left activities and violent song texts of some of the participating bands.

Culture and sights

Roter Turm (red tower)

Theater Chemnitz offers a variety of theatre: opera, plays, ballet and Figuren (puppets), and runs concerts by the orchestra Robert-Schumann-Philharmonie.

Tourist sights include the Kassberg neighborhood with 18th and 19th century buildings and the Karl Marx Monument by Lev Kerbel, nicknamed Nischel (a Saxon dialect word for head) by the locals. Landmarks include the Old Town Hall with its Renaissance portal (15th century), the castle on the site of the former monastery, and the area around the opera house and the old university. The most conspicuous landmark is the red tower built in the late 12th or early 13th century as part of the city wall.

The Chemnitz petrified forest is located in the courtyard of Kulturkaufhaus Tietz. It is one of the very few in existence, and dates back several million years. Also within the city limits, in the district of Rabenstein, is the smallest castle in Saxony, Rabenstein Castle.

The city has changed considerably since German reunification. Most of its industry is now gone and the core of the city has been rebuilt with many shops as well as huge shopping centres. Many of these shops are international brands, including Zara, H&M, Esprit, Galeria Kaufhof, Leiser Shoes, and Peek & Cloppenburg. The large Galerie Roter Turm (Red Tower) shopping centre is very popular with young people.

The Chemnitz Industrial Museum is an Anchor Point of ERIH, the European Route of Industrial Heritage. The State Museum of Archaeology Chemnitz opened in 2014 and is located in the former Schocken Department Stores.

The Museum Gunzenhauser, formerly a bank, opened on 1 December 2007. Alfred Gunzenhauser, who lived in Munich, had a collection of some 2,500 pieces of modern art, including many paintings and drawings by Otto Dix, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff and others. The Botanischer Garten Chemnitz is a municipal botanical garden, and the Arktisch-Alpiner Garten der Walter-Meusel-Stiftung is a non-profit garden specializing in arctic and alpine plants.

Administrative divisions

The city of Chemnitz consists of 39 neighborhoods. The neighborhoods of Einsiedel, Euba, Grüna, Klaffenbach, Kleinolbersdorf-Altenhain, Mittelbach, Röhrsdorf and Wittgensdorf are at the same time locaities within the meaning of Sections 65 to 68 of the Saxon Municipal Code. These neighborhoods came in the wake of the last incorporation wave after 1990 as formerly independent municipalities to the city of Chemnitz and therefore enjoy this special position compared to the other parts of the city. These localities each have a local council, which, depending on the number of inhabitants of the locality concerned, comprises between ten and sixteen members as well as a chairman of the same. The local councils are to hear important matters concerning the locality. A final decision is, however, incumbent on the city council of the city of Chemnitz. The official identification of the districts by numbers is based on the following principle: Starting from the city center (neighborhoods Zentrum and Schloßchemnitz), all other parts of the city are assigned clockwise in ascending order the tenth place of their index, the one-digit is awarded in the direction of city periphery in ascending order.

Chemnitz stadtteilnummern.svg
About this image
List of neighborhoods by number code:
  • Adelsberg (25)
  • Altchemnitz (41)
  • Altendorf (92)
  • Bernsdorf (42)
  • Borna-Heinersdorf (13)
  • Ebersdorf (14)
  • Einsiedel ¹ (46)
  • Erfenschlag (44)
  • Euba ¹ (16)
  • Furth (11)
  • Gablenz (24)
  • Glösa-Draisdorf (12)
  • Grüna ¹ (95)
  • Harthau (45)
  • Helbersdorf (61)
  • Hilbersdorf (15)
  • Hutholz (64)
  • Kapellenberg (81)
  • Kappel (82)
  • Kaßberg (91)
  • Klaffenbach ¹ (47)
  • Kleinolbersdorf-Altenhain ¹ (26)
  • Lutherviertel (22)
  • Markersdorf (62)
  • Mittelbach ¹ (87)
  • Morgenleite (63)
  • Rabenstein (94)
  • Reichenbrand (86)
  • Reichenhain (43)
  • Röhrsdorf ¹ (96)
  • Rottluff (93)
  • Schloßchemnitz (02)
  • Schönau (83)
  • Siegmar (85)
  • Sonnenberg (21)
  • Stelzendorf (84)
  • Wittgensdorf ¹ (97)
  • Yorckgebiet (23)
  • Zentrum (01)

¹ also a locality

The city area does not include a unified, closed settlement area after numerous incorporations. The rural settlements of mainly eastern districts are separated from the settlement area of the Chemnitz city center, whereas this partly continues over the western city limits to Limbach-Oberfrohna and Hohenstein-Ernstthal.

Urban renewal

Downtown Chemnitz in 2014

Heavy destruction in World War II as well as post-war demolition to erect a truly socialist city centre left the city with a vast open space around its town hall where once a vibrant city heart had been. Because of massive investment in out-of-town shopping right after reunification, it was not until 1999 that major building activity was started in the centre. Comparable to Potsdamer Platz in Berlin, a whole new quarter of the city was constructed in recent years. New buildings include the Kaufhof department store by Helmut Jahn, Galerie Roter Turm with a façade by Hans Kollhoff and Peek & Cloppenburg clothing store by Ingenhofen and Partner.

Economy

Chemnitz is the largest city of the Chemnitz-Zwickau urban area and is one of the most important economic areas of Germany's new federal states. Chemnitz had a GDP of €8.456 billion in 2016, with GDP per capita at €34,166. Since about 2000, the city's economy has recorded high annual GDP growth rates; Chemnitz is among the top ten German cities in terms of growth rate. The local and regional economic structure is characterized by medium-sized companies, with the heavy industrial sectors of mechanical engineering, metal processing, and vehicle manufacturing as the most significant industries.

About 100,000 people are employed, of whom about 46,000 commute from other municipalities. 16.3% of employees in Chemnitz have a university or college degree, twice the average rate in Germany.

Demography

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1466 3,455 —    
1474 3,523 +2.0%
1501 4,400 +24.9%
1530 4,318 −1.9%
1551 5,616 +30.1%
1557 5,402 −3.8%
1586 5,476 +1.4%
1610 5,500 +0.4%
1635 2,500 −54.5%
1657 3,000 +20.0%
1700 4,873 +62.4%
1790 9,162 +88.0%
1801 10,835 +18.3%
1804 12,000 +10.8%
1811 15,000 +25.0%
1818 12,000 −20.0%
1820 14,455 +20.5%
1831 15,735 +8.9%
1832 18,403 +17.0%
1834 21,137 +14.9%
1837 22,265 +5.3%
1840 23,476 +5.4%
1843 24,465 +4.2%
Year Pop. ±%
1846 28,936 +18.3%
1849 30,953 +7.0%
1852 35,163 +13.6%
1855 36,301 +3.2%
1858 40,571 +11.8%
1861 45,432 +12.0%
1864 54,827 +20.7%
1867 58,573 +6.8%
1871 68,229 +16.5%
1875 85,334 +25.1%
1880 95,123 +11.5%
1885 110,817 +16.5%
1890 138,954 +25.4%
1895 161,017 +15.9%
1900 206,913 +28.5%
1905 244,927 +18.4%
1910 287,807 +17.5%
1912 308,000 +7.0%
1913 326,075 +5.9%
1916 285,285 −12.5%
1917 276,766 −3.0%
1919 311,037 +12.4%
1920 313,444 +0.8%
Year Pop. ±%
1921 317,474 +1.3%
1922 322,000 +1.4%
1923 322,400 +0.1%
1924 327,170 +1.5%
1925 335,040 +2.4%
1926 339,750 +1.4%
1927 347,550 +2.3%
1928 356,296 +2.5%
1929 359,400 +0.9%
1930 361,200 +0.5%
1931 360,335 −0.2%
1932 359,486 −0.2%
1933 348,720 −3.0%
1934 345,690 −0.9%
1935 341,050 −1.3%
1936 336,160 −1.4%
1937 333,850 −0.7%
1938 332,100 −0.5%
1939 337,646 +1.7%
1940 332,200 −1.6%
1945 243,613 −26.7%
1946 250,188 +2.7%
1950 293,373 +17.3%
Year Pop. ±%
1955 290,153 −1.1%
1956 288,542 −0.6%
1957 286,016 −0.9%
1958 285,928 −0.0%
1959 286,226 +0.1%
1960 286,329 +0.0%
1961 286,100 −0.1%
1962 287,400 +0.5%
1963 288,597 +0.4%
1964 293,133 +1.6%
1965 295,160 +0.7%
1966 294,897 −0.1%
1967 294,942 +0.0%
1968 296,680 +0.6%
1969 298,543 +0.6%
1970 299,411 +0.3%
1971 299,670 +0.1%
1972 301,502 +0.6%
1973 302,409 +0.3%
1974 303,811 +0.5%
1975 305,113 +0.4%
1976 307,554 +0.8%
1977 310,770 +1.0%
Year Pop. ±%
1978 313,850 +1.0%
1979 316,164 +0.7%
1980 317,644 +0.5%
1981 318,578 +0.3%
1982 320,018 +0.5%
1983 318,917 −0.3%
1984 317,210 −0.5%
1985 315,452 −0.6%
1986 313,799 −0.5%
1987 313,238 −0.2%
1988 311,765 −0.5%
1989 301,918 −3.2%
1990 294,244 −2.5%
1991 287,511 −2.3%
1992 283,590 −1.4%
1993 279,520 −1.4%
1994 274,162 −1.9%
1995 266,737 −2.7%
1996 259,187 −2.8%
1997 259,126 −0.0%
1998 251,903 −2.8%
1999 263,222 +4.5%
2000 259,246 −1.5%
Year Pop. ±%
2001 255,798 −1.3%
2002 252,618 −1.2%
2003 249,922 −1.1%
2004 248,365 −0.6%
2005 246,587 −0.7%
2006 245,700 −0.4%
2007 244,951 −0.3%
2008 243,880 −0.4%
2009 243,089 −0.3%
2010 243,248 +0.1%
2011 240,543 −1.1%
2012 241,210 +0.3%
2013 242,022 +0.3%
2014 243,521 +0.6%
2015 248,645 +2.1%
2016 246,353 −0.9%
2017 246,855 +0.2%
2018 247,237 +0.2%

Chemnitz's population since 1466.

After German reunification Saxony faced a significant population decrease. Since 1988 Chemnitz has lost about 20 percent of its inhabitants. The city had a fertility rate of 1.64 in 2015.

Minority population in Chemnitz by nationality as of 31 December 2017:

Rank Nationality Population (31.12.2017)
1  Syria 2,875
2  China 1,225
3  Afghanistan 1,165
4  India 1,115
5  Russia 1,105

A large contributor to the city's foreign population is Chemnitz University of Technology. In 2017 out of its 10,482 students, 2712 were foreign students, which equals to about 25%, making Chemnitz the most internationalised of the three major universities of Saxony.

Languages

  • Standard German
  • Chemnitz dialect, which is a variety of Upper Saxon German

Transport

Map of the tram and Stadtbahn network

Roads

Chemnitz is linked to two motorways (Autobahns), A4 ErfurtDresden and A72 Hof – Leipzig. The motorway junction Kreuz Chemnitz is situated in the northwestern area of the city. The motorway A72 between Borna and Leipzig is still under construction. Within the administrative area of Chemnitz there are eight motorway exits (Ausfahrt). The A4 motorway is part of the European route E40, one of the longest European E roads, connecting Chemnitz with the Asian Highway system to the east and France to the west.

Public transport

Public transport within Chemnitz is provided with tram and bus, as well as by the Stadtbahn. Nowadays, the city and its surroundings are served by one Stadtbahn line, five lines of the Chemnitz tramway network, 27 city bus lines, as well as several regional bus lines. At night, the city is served by two bus lines, two tram lines, and the Stadtbahn line.

The length of the tram, Stadtbahn and bus networks is 28.73 km (17.85 mi), 16.3 km (10.13 mi) and 326.08 km (202.62 mi) respectively. In August 2012, electro-diesel trams were ordered from Vossloh, to support an expansion of the light rail network to 226 km (140 mi), with new routes serving Burgstädt, Mittweida and Hainichen.

Airports

Near Chemnitz there are three airports, including the two international airports of Saxony in Dresden and Leipzig. Both Leipzig/Halle Airport and Dresden Airport are situated about 70 km (43 mi) from Chemnitz and offer numerous continental as well as intercontinental flights.

Chemnitz also has a small commercial airport (Flugplatz Chemnitz-Jahnsdorf about 13.5 km (8.4 mi) south of the city. When its current upgrade is completed it will have an asphalt runway 1,400 m (4,600 ft) long and 20 m (66 ft) wide.

Sports

Stadion an der Gellertstraße

  • BV Chemnitz 99 (basketball, men)
  • Chemnitzer FC (football)
  • Chemcats Chemnitz (basketball, women)
  • VfB Fortuna Chemnitz (football)
  • Post SV Chemnitz (swimming)
  • Schwimmclub Chemnitz v. 1892 e.V. (swimming)
  • TSV Einheit Süd Chemnitz (swimming, gymnastics, volleyball, skittles)
  • ERC Chemnitz e.V. (ice hockey, skater hockey)
  • CTC-Küchwald (tennis)
  • Floor Fighters Chemnitz (floorball)
  • ESV LOK Chemnitz (luge)
  • Chemnitzer EC (figure skating, ice dancing, curling)
  • Chemnitz Crusaders (American football)
  • Tower Rugby Chemnitz (rugby)
  • SV Eiche Reichenbrand (football)
  • USG Chemnitz e.V. abt Cricket Club (cricket)

Famous residents

  • Paul Oswald Ahnert (1897–1989), astronomer
  • Brigitte Ahrens (born 1945), pop singer
  • Mark Arndt (born 1941), Russian Orthodox Archbishop
  • Michael Ballack (born 1976), German footballer, former captain of Bayern Munich and Germany
  • Veronika Bellmann (born 1960), politician
  • Fritz Bennewitz (1926–1995), theater director
  • Gerd Böckmann (1944), television actor and director
  • Werner Bräunig (1934–1976), writer
  • Hans Carl von Carlowitz (1645–1714), forest scientist
  • Max Eckert-Greifendorff (1868–1938), cartographer and professor
  • Gerson Goldhaber (1924–2010), American nuclear and astrophysicist
  • Friedrich Goldmann (1941–2009), composer and conductor
  • Johannes Hähle (1906–1944), military photographer
  • Peter Härtling (born 1933), writer
  • Stephan Hermlin (1915–1997), writer
  • Stefan Heym (1913–2001), writer and member of the Bundestag of the PDS
  • John Kluge (1921–2010), German-American billionaire and media mogul
  • Helga Lindner (born 1951), swimmer; Olympic silver medalist
  • Max Littmann (1862–1931), architect
  • Anja Mittag (born 1985), footballer, World Champion 2007
  • Frederick and William Nevoigt, founders of the Diamant bicycle brand
  • Carsten Nicolai (born 1965), contemporary artist
  • Alva Noto (born 1965), sound artist
  • Frei Otto (1925–2015), architect, architectural theorist and professor of architecture, builder of the Munich Olympic Park
  • Sylke Otto (born 1969), luger
  • Siegfried Rapp (1917–1977), one-armed German pianist
  • Frank Rost (born 1973), retired football goalkeeper
  • Bruno Salzer (1859-1919), one of Chemnitz leading entrepreneurs
  • Aliona Savchenko and Robin Szolkowy, ice figure skaters: World Champion 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2014; Olympic Bronze Medalist 2010, 2014
  • Helmut Schelsky (1912–1984), sociologist and university lecturer
  • Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1884–1976), painter and graphic artist of expressionism
  • Matthias Schweighöfer (born 1981), actor and film director
  • Jörg Schüttauf (born 1961), actor
  • Matthias Steiner, (born 1982), German-Austrian weightlifter, Olympic Gold Medalist 2008
  • Ingo Steuer (born 1966), figure skater
  • Hans-Günther Thalheim (1924-2018), germanist and linguist
  • Siegfried Vogel (born 1937), operatic bass
  • Mandy Wötzel (born 1973), figure skater
  • Katarina Witt (born 1965), figure skater
  • Klaus Wunderlich (1931–1997), organist
  • Frank Heinrich (born 1964), Politician, member of the Bundestag

Honorary citizens

  • Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1884–1976), German expressionist painter
  • Marianne Brandt, (1893–1983), artist, designer
  • Stefan Heym (1913–2001), German-Jewish writer
  • Valery Bykovsky (born 1934), astronaut
  • Sigmund Jähn (born 1937), first German astronaut (Interkosmos flight of 26.8.1978)

Twin towns – sister cities

Chemnitz is twinned with:

See also

  • 2018 Chemnitz protests
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